Rhizodontidae、おさかなマガジン 分類トップ

*世界中【硬骨魚綱】。
*淡水棲、汽水棲、海水棲、深海棲【硬骨魚綱】。
*骨格が硬骨で構成(例外あり)【硬骨魚綱】。
*変温動物、体温を周囲より高温に保つグループあり【硬骨魚綱】。
*変温動物、氷点下でも凍結しないグループ有り【硬骨魚綱】。
*鰓呼吸が中心、他にも色々【硬骨魚綱】。
 (皮膚呼吸・肺(鰾)呼吸・腸管呼吸・口腔内粘膜に於けるガス交換)
*外鰓孔は1対(例外あり)、一部左右が連結・融合【硬骨魚綱】。
*鱗を有する(例外あり)【硬骨魚綱】。
*耳石を有する【硬骨魚綱】。
*鰾を有する(例外あり)【硬骨魚綱】。
*幽門垂(幽門=胃腸の境〜に存在する盲嚢)を有する(例外あり)【硬骨魚綱】。
*対鰭・非対鰭の一部を欠く魚種がある【硬骨魚綱】。
*しばしば脂鰭がみられる【硬骨魚綱】。
*腹鰭は生殖器官にならない(例外あり)【硬骨魚綱】。
*臀鰭が生殖器官になるグループがある【硬骨魚綱】。
*雌雄異体、一部は雌雄同体・性転換、単為生殖も存在【硬骨魚綱】。
*体外受精、体内受精、卵生、卵胎生、胎生【硬骨魚綱】。
*出現はシルル紀、海棲【肉鰭亜綱】。
*骨格は軟骨中心【肉鰭亜綱】。
*エナメル歯【肉鰭亜綱】。
*鰭の基部に鱗を伴う肉質突起【肉鰭亜綱】。
*デボン紀【四肢様動物上目】。
*肺による空気呼吸、または鰓との併用【四肢様動物上目】。
*魚類と迷歯亜綱(最初期の両生綱、但し一般的な両生類は無鱗)の中間【四肢様動物上目】。
*みかけシーラカンス様魚類〜有隣両生類様生物まで(迷歯亜綱の鱗は退化的)【四肢様動物上目】。
*四肢は鰭であったり脚であったり、上陸可能【四肢様動物上目】。
*関節窩(肩関節のソケット)の明瞭化【四肢様動物上目】。
*淡水棲【リゾドゥス目】。
*見かけ完全に魚類【リゾドゥス目】。
*体高低く体は延長する【リゾドゥス目】。
*頭部は丸みを帯び、吻端は突出しない(ホーリーっぽい)【リゾドゥス目】。
*上顎に細かな歯がズラリ【リゾドゥス目】。
*下顎には牙【リゾドゥス目】。
*鰭は扇状にならず小さい【リゾドゥス目】。
*背鰭は2基、体の後方に纏まる【リゾドゥス目】。
*腹鰭と臀鰭も体の後方に纏まる【リゾドゥス目】。
*尾鰭は尖型で広がらない(第2背鰭と同高)【リゾドゥス目】。



Family RHIZODONTIDAE TRAQUAIR 1881 リゾドゥス科
Lobe-Finned Fishes (肉鰭魚類)
Rhizodontids (リゾドゥス科魚種)
Rhizodonts (リゾドゥス科魚種)
Sarcopterygians (肉鰭魚類)
Sarcopterygian Fishes (肉鰭魚類)


Genus Archichthys HANCOCK & ATTHEY 1870 アルキクティス属 (絶滅)

◆アルキクティス・ポルトロッキイ (絶滅)
 Archichthys portlockii (Agassiz 1843) Traquair 1881
   syn.Holoptychius portlockii Agassiz 1843
     Holoptychus portlockii (Agassiz 1843)
     Rhizodus portlockii (Agassiz 1843)
     Strepsodus portlockii (Agassiz 1843)
     Strepsodus sulcatus Traquair 1903
 *1833-1843『Recherches sur les Poissons Fossiles 2, Contenant l'Histoire de l'Ordre des Ganoïdes:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1843『A Catalogue of British Fossils, Comprising all the Genera and Species Hitherto Described with References to Their Geological Distribution and to the Localities in Which They Have Been Found:John Morris』。
 *1844『Synoptical Table of British Fossil Fishes, Arranged in the Order of the Geological Formations:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1845『Traité Élémentaire de Paléontologie ou Histoire Naturelle des Animaux, Considérés dans Leurs Rapports Zoologiques et Géologiques 2:François Jules Pictet』。
 *1881『Report on Fossil Fishes Collected by the Geological Survey of Scotland in Eskdale and Liddesdale 1, Ganoidei:Ramsay Heatley Traquair』。
 *1903『On the Distribution of Fossil Fish-Remains in the Carboniferous Rocks of the Edinburgh District:Ramsay Heatley Traquair』。

◆アルキクティス・スルキデンス (絶滅)
 Archichthys sulcidens Hancock & Atthey 1870
   syn.Strepsodus sulcidens (Hancock & Atthey 1870)
 *1870『Note on an Undescribed Fossil Fish from the Newsham Coal-Shale Near Newcastle-Upon-Tyne:Albany Hancock & Thomas Atthey』。



Genus Barameda LONG 1989 バラメダ属 (絶滅)

◆バラメダ・デキピエンス (絶滅)
 Barameda decipiens Long 1989
 *1989『A New Rhizodontiform Fish from the Early Carboniferous of Victoria, Australia, with Remarks on the Phylogenetic Position of the Group:John Albert Long』。

◆バラメダ・ミトケルリ (絶滅)
 Barameda mitchelli Holland, Warren, Johanson, Long, Parker & Garvey 2007
 *2007『A New Species of Barameda [Rhizodontida] and Heterochrony in the Rhizodontid Pectoral Fin:Timothy Holland, Anne Warren, Zerina Johanson, John Albert Long, Katherine Parker & Jillian Garvey』。



Genus Gooloogongia JOHANSON & AHLBERG 1998 ゴオロオゴンギア属 (絶滅)
 尾鰭は背鰭と同じくらい小さい

◆ゴオロオゴンギア・ロオメシ (絶滅)
 Gooloogongia loomesi Johanson & Ahlberg 1998
 *1998『A Complete Primitive Rhizodont from Australia:Zerina Johanson & Per Erik Ahlberg』。



Genus Letognathus BRAZEAU 2005 レトグナトゥス属 (絶滅)

◆レトグナトゥス・ハルディンギ (絶滅)
 Letognathus hardingi (Dawson 1868)
   syn.Rhizodus hardingi Dawson 1868
     Strepsodus hardingi (Dawson 1868)
 *1868『Acadian Geology, the Geological Structure, Organic Remains, and Mineral Resources of Nova Scotia, New Brunswickand Prince Edward Island:John William Dawson』。
 *2005『A New Genus of Rhizodontid [Sarcopterygii, Tetrapodomorpha] from the Lower Carboniferous Horton Bluff Formation of Nova Scotia, and the Evolution of the Lower Jaws in This Group:Martin D.Brazeau』。
 ドーソンの記述は章立てなく見つけ難い。



Genus Propycnoctenion VOROBYOVA ex VOROBYOVA & OBRUCHEVA 1977 プロピクノクテニオン属 (絶滅)

◆プロピクノクテニオン・ネフロイデス (絶滅)
 Propycnoctenion nephroides Vorobyova ex Vorobyova & Obrucheva 1977
 *1977『Rhizodont Crossopterygian Fishes [fam. Rhizodontldae] from the Middle Paleozoic Deposits of the Asian Part of the USSR:Emilia Ivanovna Vorobyova & H.D.Obrucheva』。



Genus Pycnoctenion VOROBYOVA ex VOROBYOVA & OBRUCHEVA 1977 ピクノクテニオン属 (絶滅)
   ※=Genus Pyctnoctenion VICKERS-RICH, MONAGHAN, BAJRD & RICH 1991。スペルミス。

◆ピクノクテニオン・デキピエンス (絶滅)
 Pycnoctenion decipiens (Woodward 1906)
   syn.Strepsodus decipiens Woodward 1906
 *1906『On a Carboniferous Fish-Fauna from the Mansfield District, Victoria:Arthur Smith Woodward』。

◆ピクノクテニオン・ヤクティクム (絶滅)
 Pycnoctenion jacuticum Vorobyova ex Vorobyova & Obrucheva 1977
 *1977『Rhizodont Crossopterygian Fishes [fam. Rhizodontldae] from the Middle Paleozoic Deposits of the Asian Part of the USSR:Emilia Ivanovna Vorobyova & H.D.Obrucheva』。

◆ピクノクテニオン・リトウィノウィトスカエ (絶滅)
 Pycnoctenion litvinovitschae Obrucheva ex Vorobyova & Obrucheva 1977
 *1977『Rhizodont Crossopterygian Fishes [fam. Rhizodontldae] from the Middle Paleozoic Deposits of the Asian Part of the USSR:Emilia Ivanovna Vorobyova & H.D.Obrucheva』。

◆ピクノクテニオン・リビンスケンセ (絶滅)
 Pycnoctenion rybinskense Vorobyova ex Vorobyova & Obrucheva 1977
 *1977『Rhizodont Crossopterygian Fishes [fam. Rhizodontldae] from the Middle Paleozoic Deposits of the Asian Part of the USSR:Emilia Ivanovna Vorobyova & H.D.Obrucheva』。

◆ピクノクテニオン・シベリアクム (絶滅)
 Pycnoctenion siberiacum (Chabakov 1927)
   syn.Strepsodus siberiacus Chabakov 1927 ※=sibiriacus。
 *1927『On the Crossopterygians from the Russian Carboniferous:A.V.Chabakov』。
 *1977『Rhizodont Crossopterygian Fishes [fam. Rhizodontldae] from the Middle Paleozoic Deposits of the Asian Part of the USSR:Emilia Ivanovna Vorobyova & H.D.Obrucheva』。

◆ピクノクテニオン・トゥウェンセ (絶滅)
 Pycnoctenion tuwense Vorobyova ex Vorobyova & Obrucheva 1977
 *1977『Rhizodont Crossopterygian Fishes [fam. Rhizodontldae] from the Middle Paleozoic Deposits of the Asian Part of the USSR:Emilia Ivanovna Vorobyova & H.D.Obrucheva』。

◆ピクノクテニオン・トゥベルクラトゥム (絶滅)
 Pycnoctenion tuberculatum Vorobyova ex Vorobyova & Obrucheva 1977
 *1977『Rhizodont Crossopterygian Fishes [fam. Rhizodontldae] from the Middle Paleozoic Deposits of the Asian Part of the USSR:Emilia Ivanovna Vorobyova & H.D.Obrucheva』。



Genus Rhizodus OWEN 1840 リゾドゥス属 (絶滅)
   ※+Genus Parabatrachus OWEN 1853 (Type species : Parabatrachus colei Owen 1853)。
   ※≠Genus Parabatrachus ROUX 1971 [Batrachoididae]。

◆リゾドゥス・ヒッベルティ (絶滅)
 Rhizodus hibberti Owen 1840 non Agassiz ex Egerton 1837
   syn.Megalichthys incurvus (Newberry 1857)
     Parabatrachus colei Owen 1853
     Rhizodus anceps Newberry 1889
     Rhizodus angustus Newberry 1857
     Rhizodus gracilis McCoy emend. McCoy ex Sedgwick & McCoy 1855
     Rhizodus incurvus Newberry 1857
 *1840『Odontography, or a Treatise Comparative Anatomy of the Teeth, Their APhysiological Relations, Mode of Development, and Microscopic Structure in the Vertebrate Animals:Richard Owen』。
 *1853『Notice of a Batrachoid Fossil in British Coal-Shale:Richard Owen』。
 *1855『A Synopsis of the Classification of the British Palæozoic Rocks, with a Systematic Description of the British Palæozoic Fossils in the Geological Museum of the University of Cambridge:Adam Sedgwick & Frederick McCoy』。
 *1857『Description of Several New Genera and Species of Fossil Fishes from the Carboniferous Strata of Ohio:John Strong Newberry』。
 *1889『The Paleozoic Fishes of North America 3, Fishes of the Carboniferous System:John Strong Newberry』。



Genus Sauripterus HALL 1843 サウリプテルス属 (絶滅)

◆サウリプテルス・アングリクス (絶滅)
 Sauripterus anglicus Woodward 1891
 *1891『Catalogue of the Fossil Fishes in the British Museum 2, Containing the Elasmobranchii, Acanthodii, Holocephali, Ichthyodorulites, Ostracodermi, Dipnoi, Teleostomi, Crossopterygii and Chondrostean Actinopterygii:Arthur Smith Woodward』。

◆サウリプテルス・クラッシデンス (絶滅)
 Sauripterus crassidens Traquair 1897
 *1897『Additional Notes on the Fossil Fishes of the Upper Old Bed Sandstone of the Moray Firth Area:Ramsay Heatley Traquair』。

◆サウリプテルス・タイロリ (絶滅)
 Sauripterus taylori Hall 1843
 *1843『Natural History of New York, Geology of New York 4, Comprising the Survey of the Fourth Geological District:James Hall』。


Genus Screbinodus ANDREWS 1985 スクレビノドゥス属 (絶滅)

◆スクレビノドゥス・オルナトゥス (絶滅)
 Screbinodus ornatus (Traquair 1878)
   syn.Rhizodus ornatus Traquair 1878
 *1878『On the Genus Rhizodus:Ramsay Heatley Traquair』。
 *1985『Rhizodont Crossopterygian Fish from the Dinatian of Foulden, Berwickshire, Scotland, with a Re-Evaluation of This Group:S.Mahala Andrews』。



Genus Strepsodus HUXLEY ex HUXLEY & ETHERIDGE 1865 ストレプソドゥス属 (絶滅)
   ※+Genus Labyrinthodontosaurus BARKAS 1873 (Type species : Labyrinthodontosaurus simmi Barkas 1873)。

◆ストレプソドゥス・アレノスス (絶滅)
 Strepsodus arenosus Hay 1900
 *1900『Descriptions of Some Vertebrates of the Carboniferous Age:Oliver Perry Hay』。

◆ストレプソドゥス・ブロックバンキ (絶滅)
 Strepsodus brockbanki Davis 1891
 *1891『On the Discovery of a New Species of Fossil Fish, Strepsodus Brockbanki in the Upper Coal Measures Limestone of Levenshulme, 6 Group, from the Railway Cutting at Levenshulme, Near Manchester:James William Davis』。

◆ストレプソドゥス・ダウソニ (絶滅)
 Strepsodus dawsoni Hay 1900
 *1900『Descriptions of Some Vertebrates of the Carboniferous Age:Oliver Perry Hay』。

◆ストレプソドゥス・シムミ (絶滅)
 Strepsodus simmi (Barkas 1873)
   syn.Archichthys sauroides (Binney 1841)
     Holoptychius sauroides Binney 1841 non Agassiz ex Egerton 1841 non Williamson 1849
     Labyrinthodontosaurus simmi Barkas 1873
     Onychodus ostrovensis von Huene 1943
     Rhizodus sauroides (Binney 1841)
     Strepsodus anculonamensis Andrews 1985
     Strepsodus aulaconamensis "miss typing of anculonamensis"。
     Strepsodus minor Traquair 1890
     Strepsodus sauroides (Binney 1841)
     Strepsodus striatulus Traquair 1882
 *1841『On the Fossil Fishes of the Pendleton Coal Field:Edward William Binney』。
 *1865『A Catalogue of the Collection of Fossils in the Museum of Practical Geology, with an Explanatory Introduction:Thomas Henry Huxley & Robert Etheridge』。
 *1873『Illustrated Guide to the Fish, Amphibian, Reptilian, and Supposed Mammalian Remains of the Northumberland Carboniferous Strata:Thomas Pallister Barkas』。
 *1882『Notice of New Fish Remains from the Blackband Ironstone of Borough Lee Near Edinburgh 3:Ramsay Heatley Traquair』。
 *1890『List of the Fossil Dipnoi and Ganoidei of Fife and Lothians:Ramsay Heatley Traquair』。
 *1943『Ein Onychodus aus dem Oberschlesischen Kohlengebirge:Friedrich von Huene』。
 *1985『Rhizodont Crossopterygian Fish from the Dinatian of Foulden, Berwickshire, Scotland, with a Re-Evaluation of This Group:S.Mahala Andrews』。
 アガシが先取り済みに付き第2候補に移行。



Rhizodontoidea incertae sedis
Genus Aztecia JOHANSON & AHLBERG 2001 アズテキア属 (絶滅)

◆アズテキア・マハラエ (絶滅)
 Aztecia mahalae Johanson & Ahlberg 2001
 *2001『Devonian Rhizodontids and Tristichopterids [Sarcopterygii, Tetrapodomorpha] from East Gondwana:Zerina Johanson & Per E.Ahlberg』。



Rhizodontoidea incertae sedis
Genus Floydus SNYDER 2006 フロイドゥス属 (絶滅)

◆フロイドゥス・プニケルルス (絶滅)
 Floydus punicellus Snyder 2006
 *2006『A Study of the Fossil Vertebrate Fauna from the Jasper Hiemstra Quarry, Delta, Iowa and Its Environment:Daniel Snyder』。

inserted by FC2 system