Psephodontidae、おさかなマガジン 分類トップ

*世界中【軟骨魚綱】。
*シルル紀〜現代【軟骨魚綱】。
*淡水棲、汽水棲、海水棲、遊泳性、底棲【軟骨魚綱】。
*軟骨、楯鱗【軟骨魚綱】。
*硬骨組織を持たない【軟骨魚綱】。
*鰾を欠く(浮力は肝臓の肝油で調整)【軟骨魚綱】。
*耳石を欠く(平衡砂は存在)【軟骨魚綱】。
*対鼻孔を有する【軟骨魚綱】。
*対鰭を有する【軟骨魚綱】。
*尾鰭は歪尾(上葉に脊柱が進入)【軟骨魚綱】。
*尾鰭上葉は下葉より伸長(例外あり)【軟骨魚綱】。
*ローレンチニ氏管・螺旋弁がある【軟骨魚綱】。
*オス個体の腹鰭部には交接器(クラスパー)が1対ある(例外あり)【軟骨魚綱】。
*卵生、卵胎生、胎生、体内受精【軟骨魚綱】。
*体は側扁、若しくは紡錘形【全頭亜綱】。
*背鰭1〜2基【全頭亜綱】。
*尾鰭の形状は様々、現生種では尾部は細まりしばしば糸状【全頭亜綱】。
*櫛鱗は側線部のみに分布(例外あり)【全頭亜綱】。
*鰓弓は5対、鰓孔は1対【ギンザメ系】。
*通常板状歯【ギンザメ系】。



Family PSEPHODONTIDAE ZANGERL 1981 プセフォドゥス科
Psephodontids (プセフォドゥス科魚種)


Genus Aspidodus NEWBERRY & WORTHEN 1866 アスピドドゥス属 (絶滅)
   ※→Genus Psephodus AGASSIZ 1837 emend. MORRIS & ROBERTS 1862。

◆アスピドドゥス・コンウォルトゥス (絶滅)
 Aspidodus convolutus Newberry & Worthen 1866
 *1866『Geology Survey of Illinois 2, Palæontology:Amos Henry Worthen』。
 第1章の「Descriptions of New Species of Vertebrates, Mainly from the Sub-Carboniferous Limestone and Coal Measures of Illinois」がニューベリーとの共著。

◆アスピドドゥス・クレヌラトゥス (絶滅)
 Aspidodus crenulatus Newberry & Worthen 1866
   syn.Psephodus crenulatus (Newberry & Worthen 1866)
 *1866『Geology Survey of Illinois 2, Palæontology:Amos Henry Worthen』。
 第1章の「Descriptions of New Species of Vertebrates, Mainly from the Sub-Carboniferous Limestone and Coal Measures of Illinois」がニューベリーとの共著。



Genus Lophodus ROWANOWSKY 1864 ロフォドゥス属 (絶滅)
   ※≠Genus Lophodus NEWBERRY & WORTHEN 1870 [Agassizodontidae]。

◆ロフォドゥス・ビフルカトゥス (絶滅)
 Lophodus bifurcatus Davis 1883
 *1883『On the Fossil Fishes of the Carboniferous Limestone Series of Great Britain:James William Davis』。

◆ロフォドゥス・ディディムス (絶滅)
 Lophodus didymus (Agassiz ex Egerton 1841 emend. McCoy ex Sedgwick & McCoy 1855)
   syn.Helodus didymus Agassiz ex Egerton 1841 emend. McCoy ex Sedgwick & McCoy 1855
 *1841『A Catalogue of Fossil Fish in the Collections of the Earl of Enniskillen:Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton』。
 *1841『Fossil Fish in the Collections of the Earl of Enniskillen:Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton』。
 *1833-1843『Recherches sur les Poissons Fossiles 3, Contenant l'Histoire de l'Ordre des Placoïdes:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1843『List of Fishes from the Mountain Limestone of Armagh, Contributed by Captain Jones M.P. in Repoort of the Geology of the Country of Londonderry, and of Part of Tyrone and Fermanagh:Joseph Ellison Portlock』。
 *1843『A Catalogue of British Fossils, Comprising all the Genera and Species Hitherto Described with References to Their Geological Distribution and to the Localities in Which They Have Been Found:John Morris』。
 *1844『Synoptical Table of British Fossil Fishes, Arranged in the Order of the Geological Formations:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1845『Traité Élémentaire de Paléontologie ou Histoire Naturelle des Animaux, Considérés dans Leurs Rapports Zoologiques et Géologiques 2:François Jules Pictet』。
 *1855『A Synopsis of the Classification of the British Palæozoic Rocks, with a Systematic Description of the British Palæozoic Fossils in the Geological Museum of the University of Cambridge:Adam Sedgwick & Frederick McCoy』。


◆ロフォドゥス・ギッベルルス (絶滅)
 Lophodus gibberulus (Agassiz 1836)
   syn.Helodus gibberulus Agassiz 1836
     Psammodus gibberulus (Agassiz 1836)
 *1836『Recherches sur les Poissons Fossiles 3, Contenant l'Histoire de l'Ordre des Placoïdes:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1838『Francfort chez Schmerber 1838 4 Livraison 11 p73-140 in Isis von Oken 1-12 1838:Lorenz Oken』。
 *1833-1843『Recherches sur les Poissons Fossiles Atlas 3:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1843『A Catalogue of British Fossils, Comprising all the Genera and Species Hitherto Described with References to Their Geological Distribution and to the Localities in Which They Have Been Found:John Morris』。
 *1844『Synoptical Table of British Fossil Fishes, Arranged in the Order of the Geological Formations:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1845『Traité Élémentaire de Paléontologie ou Histoire Naturelle des Animaux, Considérés dans Leurs Rapports Zoologiques et Géologiques 2:François Jules Pictet』。

◆ロフォドゥス・イルレグラリス (絶滅)
 Lophodus irregularis Rowanowsky 1864
 *1864『Description de Quelques Restes de Poissons Fossiles Trouvés dans le Calcaire Carbonifère du Gouvernement de Toula:Gennady Danilovitch Romanovsky』。


◆ロフォドゥス・ラエウィッシムス (絶滅)
 Lophodus laevissimus (Agassiz ex Egerton 1837)
   syn.Helodus laevissimus (Agassiz ex Egerton 1837)
     Psammodus laevissimus Agassiz ex Egerton 1837
 *1837『A Systematic and Stratigraphical Catalogue of the Fossil Fish in the Cabinets of Lord Cole and Sir Philip Grey Egerton, Together with an Alphabetical and Stratigraphical Catalogue of the Same Species:Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton』。
 *1837『Francfort chez Schmerber, Livraison 8 et 9 1837 in Isis von Oken 1-12 1837:Lorenz Oken』。
 *1838『Francfort chez Schmerber 1838 4 Livraison 11 p73-140 in Isis von Oken 1-12 1838:Lorenz Oken』。
 *1841『A Catalogue of Fossil Fish in the Collections of the Earl of Enniskillen:Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton』。
 *1841『Fossil Fish in the Collections of the Earl of Enniskillen:Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton』。
 *1833-1843『Recherches sur les Poissons Fossiles 3, Contenant l'Histoire de l'Ordre des Placoïdes:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1833-1843『Recherches sur les Poissons Fossiles Atlas 3:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1843『List of Fishes from the Mountain Limestone of Armagh, Contributed by Captain Jones M.P. in Repoort of the Geology of the Country of Londonderry, and of Part of Tyrone and Fermanagh:Joseph Ellison Portlock』。
 *1843『A Catalogue of British Fossils, Comprising all the Genera and Species Hitherto Described with References to Their Geological Distribution and to the Localities in Which They Have Been Found:John Morris』。
 *1844『Synoptical Table of British Fossil Fishes, Arranged in the Order of the Geological Formations:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1845『Traité Élémentaire de Paléontologie ou Histoire Naturelle des Animaux, Considérés dans Leurs Rapports Zoologiques et Géologiques 2:François Jules Pictet』。
 *1855『A Synopsis of the Classification of the British Palæozoic Rocks, with a Systematic Description of the British Palæozoic Fossils in the Geological Museum of the University of Cambridge:Adam Sedgwick & Frederick McCoy』。

◆ロフォドゥス・レウィス (絶滅)
 Lophodus levis Davis 1883
 *1883『On the Fossil Fishes of the Carboniferous Limestone Series of Great Britain:James William Davis』。

◆ロフォドゥス・リネアリス (絶滅)
 Lophodus linearis Rowanowsky 1864
 *1864『Description de Quelques Restes de Poissons Fossiles Trouvés dans le Calcaire Carbonifère du Gouvernement de Toula:Gennady Danilovitch Romanovsky』。

◆ロフォドゥス・マムミルラリス (絶滅)
 Lophodus mammillaris (Agassiz ex Egerton 1841 emend. McCoy ex Sedgwick & McCoy 1855)
   syn.Helodus mammillaris Agassiz ex Egerton 1841 emend. McCoy ex Sedgwick & McCoy 1855
 *1841『A Catalogue of Fossil Fish in the Collections of the Earl of Enniskillen:Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton』。
 *1841『Fossil Fish in the Collections of the Earl of Enniskillen:Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton』。
 *1833-1843『Recherches sur les Poissons Fossiles 3, Contenant l'Histoire de l'Ordre des Placoïdes:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1843『List of Fishes from the Mountain Limestone of Armagh, Contributed by Captain Jones M.P. in Repoort of the Geology of the Country of Londonderry, and of Part of Tyrone and Fermanagh:Joseph Ellison Portlock』。
 *1843『A Catalogue of British Fossils, Comprising all the Genera and Species Hitherto Described with References to Their Geological Distribution and to the Localities in Which They Have Been Found:John Morris』。
 *1844『Synoptical Table of British Fossil Fishes, Arranged in the Order of the Geological Formations:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1845『Traité Élémentaire de Paléontologie ou Histoire Naturelle des Animaux, Considérés dans Leurs Rapports Zoologiques et Géologiques 2:François Jules Pictet』。
 *1855『A Synopsis of the Classification of the British Palæozoic Rocks, with a Systematic Description of the British Palæozoic Fossils in the Geological Museum of the University of Cambridge:Adam Sedgwick & Frederick McCoy』。

◆ロフォドゥス・マルギナリス (絶滅)
 Lophodus marginalis Romanovsky 1864
 *1864『Description de Quelques Restes de Poissons Fossiles Trouvés dans le Calcaire Carbonifère du Gouvernement de Toula:Gennady Danilovitch Romanovsky』。

◆ロフォドゥス・マルゴデンタトゥス (絶滅)
 Lophodus margodentatus Rowanowsky 1864
 *1864『Description de Quelques Restes de Poissons Fossiles Trouvés dans le Calcaire Carbonifère du Gouvernement de Toula:Gennady Danilovitch Romanovsky』。

◆ロフォドゥス・レティクラトゥス (絶滅)
 Lophodus reticulatus Davis 1883
 *1883『On the Fossil Fishes of the Carboniferous Limestone Series of Great Britain:James William Davis』。

◆ロフォドゥス・セルラトゥス (絶滅)
 Lophodus serratus Davis 1883
 *1883『On the Fossil Fishes of the Carboniferous Limestone Series of Great Britain:James William Davis』。

◆ロフォドゥス・シヌオスス (絶滅)
 Lophodus sinuosus Davis 1883
 *1883『On the Fossil Fishes of the Carboniferous Limestone Series of Great Britain:James William Davis』。



Genus Psephodus MORRIS & ROBERTS 1862 プセフォドゥス属 (絶滅)
   ※+Genus Taeniodus SAINT JOHN & WORTHEN 1883 (Type species : Tæniodus regularis Saint John & Worthen 1883)。=Genus Tæniodus
   ※≠Genus Taeniodus GERVAIS 1859 [Theridomyidae, Rodentia, Mammalia]。

◆プセフォドゥス・アクトゥス (絶滅)
 Psephodus acutus Branson 1905
 *1905『Notes on Some Carboniferous Cochliodonts with Descriptions of Seven New Species:Edward Bayer Branson』。

◆プセフォドゥス・カルボナリウス (絶滅)
 Psephodus carbonarius Branson 1905
 *1905『Notes on Some Carboniferous Cochliodonts with Descriptions of Seven New Species:Edward Bayer Branson』。

◆プセフォドゥス・クヌラトゥス (絶滅)
 Psephodus cunulatus Saint John & Worthen 1883
 *1883『Descriptions of Fossil Fishes, a Partial Revision of the Cochliodonts and Psammodonts, Including Notices of Miscellaneous Material Acquired from the Carboniferous Formations of the United States:Orestes Henry Saint John & Amos Henry Worthen』。

◆プセフォドゥス・ドゥビウス (絶滅)
 Psephodus dubius Woodward 1889 non Woodward 1889
 *1889『Catalogue of the Fossil Fishes in the British Museum, Naturtal History 1, Containing the Elasmobranchii:Arthur Smith Woodward』。

◆プセフォドゥス・ファスキアトゥス (絶滅)
 Psephodus fasciatus (Newberry & Worthen ex Worthen 1870)
   syn.Deltodus faciatus (Newberry & Worthen ex Worthen 1870) ※スペルミス。
     Deltodus fasciatus Newberry & Worthen ex Worthen 1870
     Psephodus faciatus (Newberry & Worthen ex Worthen 1870) ※スペルミス。
 *1870『Palæontology 1, Descriptions of Fossil Vertebrates in Geological Survey of Illinois 4, Geology and Palæontology:Amos Henry Worthen』。

◆プセフォドゥス・ラトゥス (絶滅)
 Psephodus latus Saint John & Worthen 1883
 *1883『Descriptions of Fossil Fishes, a Partial Revision of the Cochliodonts and Psammodonts, Including Notices of Miscellaneous Material Acquired from the Carboniferous Formations of the United States:Orestes Henry Saint John & Amos Henry Worthen』。

◆プセフォドゥス・レグランデンシス (絶滅)
 Psephodus legrandensis Branson 1905
 *1905『Notes on Some Carboniferous Cochliodonts with Descriptions of Seven New Species:Edward Bayer Branson』。

◆プセフォドゥス・マグヌス (絶滅)
 Psephodus magnus (Agassiz 1841 emend. McCoy ex Sedgwick & McCoy 1855)
   syn.Cochliodus magnus Agassiz 1841 emend. McCoy ex Sedgwick & McCoy 1855
 *1841『A Catalogue of Fossil Fish in the Collections of the Earl of Enniskillen:Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton』。
 *1841『Fossil Fish in the Collections of the Earl of Enniskillen:Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton』。
 *1833-1843『Recherches sur les Poissons Fossiles 3, Contenant l'Histoire de l'Ordre des Placoïdes:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1843『List of Fishes from the Mountain Limestone of Armagh, Contributed by Captain Jones M.P. in Repoort of the Geology of the Country of Londonderry, and of Part of Tyrone and Fermanagh:Joseph Ellison Portlock』。
 *1843『A Catalogue of British Fossils, Comprising all the Genera and Species Hitherto Described with References to Their Geological Distribution and to the Localities in Which They Have Been Found:John Morris』。
 *1844『Synoptical Table of British Fossil Fishes, Arranged in the Order of the Geological Formations:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz』。
 *1845『Traité Élémentaire de Paléontologie ou Histoire Naturelle des Animaux, Considérés dans Leurs Rapports Zoologiques et Géologiques 2:François Jules Pictet』。
 *1855『A Synopsis of the Classification of the British Palæozoic Rocks, with a Systematic Description of the British Palæozoic Fossils in the Geological Museum of the University of Cambridge:Adam Sedgwick & Frederick McCoy』。
 *1862『On the Carboniferous Limestone of Oreton and Farlowe, Clee Hills, Shropshire:John Morris & George E.Roberts』。
 1838年に確認出来ない。該当時期にあるのはストロフォドゥス属。

◆プセフォドゥス・ミノル (絶滅)
 Psephodus minor Trautschold 1879
 *1879『Die Kalkbrüche von Mjatschkowa, Eine Biographie des Oberen Bergkalks:Hermann Adolfovich Trautschold』。

◆プセフォドゥス・オブリクウス (絶滅)
 Psephodus obliquus Saint John & Worthen 1883
 *1883『Descriptions of Fossil Fishes, a Partial Revision of the Cochliodonts and Psammodonts, Including Notices of Miscellaneous Material Acquired from the Carboniferous Formations of the United States:Orestes Henry Saint John & Amos Henry Worthen』。

◆プセフォドゥス・”オブリクウス” (絶滅)
 Psephodus obliquus (Saint John & Worthen 1883)
   syn.Tæniodus obliquus Saint John & Worthen 1883
 *1883『Descriptions of Fossil Fishes, a Partial Revision of the Cochliodonts and Psammodonts, Including Notices of Miscellaneous Material Acquired from the Carboniferous Formations of the United States:Orestes Henry Saint John & Amos Henry Worthen』。
 Psephodus obliquus Saint John & Worthen 1883 と Tæniodus obliquus Saint John & Worthen 1883 が同時に記載。要種小名変更。

◆プセフォドゥス・プラケントゥス (絶滅)
 Psephodus placentus (Newberry & Worthen 1866
   syn.Helodus placentus Newberry & Worthen 1866
 *1866『Geology Survey of Illinois 2, Palæontology:Amos Henry Worthen』。
 第1章の「Descriptions of New Species of Vertebrates, Mainly from the Sub-Carboniferous Limestone and Coal Measures of Illinois」がニューベリーとの共著。

◆プセフォドゥス・ポリトゥス (絶滅)
 Psephodus politus Newberry 1897 ※=Psephodus (Helodus) politus Newberry 1897 non Newberry & Worthen 1866。
   syn.Helodus politus (Newberry 1897)
 *1897『New Species and a New Genus of American Palæozoic Fishes, Together with Notes on the Genera Oracanthus, Dactylodus, Polyrhizodus, Sandalodus, Deltodus:John Strong Newberry』。
 ヘロドゥス属に移行する際は要種小名変更。

◆プセフォドゥス・レグラリス (絶滅)
 Psephodus regularis (Saint John & Worthen 1883)
   syn.Taeniodus regularis Saint John & Worthen 1883
     Tæniodus regularis Saint John & Worthen 1883
     Teniodus regularis (Saint John & Worthen 1883) ※スペルミス。
 *1883『Descriptions of Fossil Fishes, a Partial Revision of the Cochliodonts and Psammodonts, Including Notices of Miscellaneous Material Acquired from the Carboniferous Formations of the United States:Orestes Henry Saint John & Amos Henry Worthen』。

◆プセフォドゥス・レティクラトゥス (絶滅)
 Psephodus reticulatus Saint John & Worthen 1875
 *1875『Geological Survey of Illiiois 6, Geology and Palæontology, Palæontology of Illinois 1, Descriptions of Fossil Fishes:Orestes Henry Saint John & Amos Henry Worthen』。

◆プセフォドゥス・サロピエンシス (絶滅)
 Psephodus salopiensis Woodward 1889
 *1889『Catalogue of the Fossil Fishes in the British Museum, Naturtal History 1, Containing the Elasmobranchii:Arthur Smith Woodward』。

◆プセフォドゥス・シムメトリクス (絶滅)
 Psephodus symmetricus Saint John & Worthen 1883
 *1883『Descriptions of Fossil Fishes, a Partial Revision of the Cochliodonts and Psammodonts, Including Notices of Miscellaneous Material Acquired from the Carboniferous Formations of the United States:Orestes Henry Saint John & Amos Henry Worthen』。


◆プセフォドゥス・シムプレックス (絶滅)
 Psephodus simplex Davis 1886
 *1886『Notes on a Collection of Fossil Fish-Remains from the Mountain Lime Stone of Derbyshire:James William Davis』。

inserted by FC2 system