Polygnathidae、おさかなマガジン 分類トップ

*カンブリア紀〜現代【無顎上綱】。
*軟骨【無顎上綱】。
*淡水棲、汽水棲、海水棲、底棲【無顎上綱】。
*鱗を欠く【無顎上綱】。
*鰾を欠く【無顎上綱】。
*耳石を欠く【無顎上綱】。
*対鰭を欠く(例外あり)【無顎上綱】。
*成魚は側線を欠く【無顎上綱】。
*外鼻孔は正中線上に1個【無顎上綱】。
*舌に角質歯【無顎上綱】。
*嚢状鰓(鰓嚢)は体表に開口【無顎上綱】。
*消化管は直走【無顎上綱】。
*卵生・体外受精【無顎上綱】。
*(カンブリア紀)〜三畳紀〜ジュラ紀【錐歯綱】。
 =示準化石。【錐歯綱】。
*世界中【錐歯綱】。
*海水棲、底棲【錐歯綱】。
*体高低く円筒形の鰻様【錐歯綱】。
*1対の大きな眼球【錐歯綱】。
*鰓孔【錐歯綱】。
*微細な歯状突起を有する【錐歯綱】。
*歯状突起はリン酸カルシウムで形成【錐歯綱】。
 ≠ストレコドント Scolecodonts [Annelida]。キチン質。
*単歯状(真性コノドント)・複歯状(ズラリ)・板状(顎状)など様々【錐歯綱】。
*歯は丸い口にヤツメウナギのように備わる【錐歯綱】。
*非対鰭は連続性、鰭条に支持される【錐歯綱】。
*デボン紀後期〜石炭紀前期(A+B)【ポリグナトゥス科】。



Family POLYGNATHIDAE BASSLER 1925 ex ULRICH & BASSLER 1926 ポリグナトゥス科
Conodonts (コノドント類)
Polygnathids (ポリグナトゥス科魚種)


Genus Ancyrolepis ZIEGLER 1959 アンキロレピス属 (絶滅)
 Ancyrolepis cruciformis Ziegler 1959 (絶滅)
 Ancyrolepis huntleyi Sparling 1999 (絶滅)
Genus Avignathus LYS & SERRE 1957 アウィグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
 Avignathus beckmanni Lys & Serre 1957 (絶滅)
   syn.? Polygnathus decorosus Stauffer 1938 (絶滅)
 Avignathus bifurcatus Dzik 2002 (絶滅)
 Avignathus decorosus (Stauffer 1938) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus decorosus Stauffer 1938
 Avignathus orthopterus Ziegler 1958 (絶滅)
Genus Barskovella GATOVSKY 2009 バルスコウェルラ属 (絶滅)
 Barskovella katerinae Gatovsky 2009 (絶滅)
Genus Bizignathus GATOVSKY 2009 ビジグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
 Bizignathus kayseri (Bischoff & Ziegler 1956) (絶滅)
   syn.Pseudopolygnathus kayseri Bischoff & Ziegler 1956
Genus Criteriognathus WALLISER 1972 クリテリオグナトゥス属 (絶滅) ※分類は暫定。
 Criteriognathus steinhornensis (Ziegler 1956) (絶滅)
  Criteriognathus steinhornensis miae (Bultynck 1971) (絶滅)
    syn.Ozarkodina steinhornensis miae (Bultynck 1971)
      Pandorinellina miae (Bultynck 1971)
      Pandorinellina steinhornensis miae (Bultynck 1971)
      Spathognathodus steinhornensis miae Bultynck 1971
  Criteriognathus steinhornensis steinhornensis (Ziegler 1956) (絶滅)
    syn.Hindeodella steinhornensis (Ziegler 1958)
      Ozarkodina masara Murphy 1980
      Ozarkodina steinhornensis (Ziegler 1956)
      ? Ozarkodina steinhornensis praeoptima Mashkova 1972
      Pandorinellina steinhornensis steinhornensis (Ziegler 1956)
      Spathognathodus steinhornensis Ziegler 1956
Genus Ctenopolygnathus MÜLLER & MÜLLER 1957 クテノポリグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
 Ctenopolygnathus angustidiscus (Youngquist 1945) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus angustidiscus Youngquist 1945
 Ctenopolygnathus brevilaminus (Branson & Mehl 1934) (絶滅)
   Polygnathus brevilaminus Branson & Mehl 1934
 Ctenopolygnathus iowaensis (Youngquist & Peterson 1947) (絶滅)
   syn.Icriodus iowaensis Youngquist & Peterson 1947
 Ctenopolygnathus jalilovi Bardasheva, Bardashev Weddige & Ziegler 2004 (絶滅)
 Ctenopolygnathus lanei Kuzmin 1995 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus lanei (Kuzmin 1995)
Genus Doliognathus BRANSON & MEHL 1941 ドリオグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
   ※石炭紀前期(A+B)。
 Doliognathus latus Branson & Mehl 1941 (絶滅)
   syn.Doliognathus excavatus Branson & Mehl 1941
Genus Eocostapolygnathus BARDASHEV, WEDDIGE & ZIEGLER 2002 エオコスタポリグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
   ※Eopolygnathidae。
 Eocostapolygnathus kitabicus (Yolkin, Weddige, Izokh & Erina 1994) (絶滅)
   syn.Eopolygnathus kitabicus (Yolkin, Weddige, Izokh & Erina 1994)
     Polygnathus kitabicus Yolkin, Weddige, Izokh & Erina 1994
 Eocostapolygnathus sokolovi (Yolkin, Weddige, Izokh & Erina 1994) (絶滅)
   syn.Eopolygnathus sokolovi (Yolkin, Weddige, Izokh & Erina 1994)
     Polygnathus sokolovi Yolkin, Weddige, Izokh & Erina 1994
Genus Eoctenopolygnathus BARDASHEV, WEDDIGE & ZIEGLER 2002 エオクテノポリグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
   ※Eopolygnathidae。
 Eoctenopolygnathus pireneae (Boersma 1973) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus pireneae Boersma 1973
Genus Eolinguipolygnathus BARDASHEV, WEDDIGE & ZIEGLER 2002 エオリングイポリグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
   ※Eopolygnathidae。
 Eolinguipolygnathus annamariae (Bultynck 1989) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus annamariae Bultynck 1989
 Eolinguipolygnathus dehiscens (Philip & Jackson 1967) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus dehiscens Philip & Jackson 1967
     Polygnathus gronbergi dehiscens (Philip & Jackson 1967)
 Eolinguipolygnathus excavatus (Carls & Gandl 1969) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus excavatus (Carls & Gandl 1969)
     Polygnathus webbi excavatus Carls & Gandl 1969
 Eolinguipolygnathus gilberti (Bardashev 1986) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus gilberti Bardashev 1986
 Eolinguipolygnathus gronbergi (Klapper & Johnson 1975) (絶滅)
   syn.Eocostapolygnathus philipi Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002
     Eocostapolygnathus polinae Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002
     Polygnathus gronbergi Klapper & Johnson 1975
     Polygnathus luciae Martínez-Pérez & Valenzuela-Ríos 2011
 Eolinguipolygnathus jacksoni (Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002) (絶滅)
   syn.Costapolygnathus jacksoni Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002
 Eolinguipolygnathus laticostatus (Klapper & Johnson 1975) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus laticostatus Klapper & Johnson 1975
 Eolinguipolygnathus radulus Aboussalam & Becker 2015 (絶滅)
Genus Eucostapolygnathus BARDASHEV & WEDDIGE 2003 エウコスタポリグナトゥス属 (絶滅) ※分類は暫定。
 Eucostapolygnathus inversus (Klapper & Johnson 1975) (絶滅)
   syn.Costapolygnathus inversus (Klapper & Johnson 1975)
     Linguipolygnathus inversus (Klapper & Johnson 1975)
     Polygnathus inversus Klapper & Johnson 1975
 Eucostapolygnathus juferevi (Aksenova 1987) (絶滅)
   syn.Eocostapolygnathus pierrei Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002
     Polygnathus juferevi Aksenova 1987
 Eucostapolygnathus lidiae Bardasheva, Bardashev Weddige & Ziegler 2004 (絶滅)
Genus Gnathodella MATERN 1933 グナトデルラ属 (絶滅)
 Gnathodella angulata Matern 1933 (絶滅)
 Gnathodella scheldensis Matern 1933 (絶滅)
Genus Hemilistrona CHAUFFER & DOMBROWSKI 1977 ヘミリストロナ属 (絶滅)
 Hemilistrona pulchra Chauff & Dombrowski 1977 (絶滅)
Genus Immognathus DZIK 2006 イムモグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
 Immognathus rhabdotus (Schäfer 1976)
   syn.Polygnathus rhabdotus Schäfer 1976
 Immognathus strictus (Kuzmin & Yurtchenkova 1989) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus strictus Kuzmin & Yurtchenkova 1989
Genus Kimognathus MASHKOVA 1978 キモグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
 Kimognathus alexeii Mashkova 1978 (絶滅)
Genus Lagovignathus DZIK 2006 ラゴウィグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
 Lagovignathus bogartensis (Stauffer 1938) (絶滅)
   syn.Nothognathella bogartensis Stauffer 1938
     Palmatolepis bogartensis (Stauffer 1938)
 Lagovignathus dissimilis (Helms & Wolska 1967) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus dissimilis Helms & Wolska 1967
 Lagovignathus granulosus (Branson & Mehl 1934) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus granulosus Branson & Mehl 1934
 Lagovignathus styriacus (Ziegler 1957) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus styriacus Ziegler 1957
Genus Linguipolygnathus BARDASHEV, WEDDIGE & ZIEGLER 2002 リングイポリグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
 Linguipolygnathus anastasiae Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002 (絶滅)
   ※→Polygnathus bultyncki (Weddige 1977)。
 Linguipolygnathus linguiformis (Hinde 1879) (絶滅)
  Linguipolygnathus linguiformis alveolus (Weddige 1977) (絶滅)
    syn.Polygnathus linguiformis alveolus Weddige 1977
  Linguipolygnathus linguiformis bultyncki (Weddige 1977) (絶滅)
    syn.Polygnathus linguiformis bultyncki Weddige 1977
  Linguipolygnathus linguiformis klapperi (Clausen, Leuteritz & Ziegler 1979) (絶滅)
    syn.Polygnathus linguiformis klapperi Clausen, Leuteritz & Ziegler 1979
  Linguipolygnathus linguiformis linguiformis (Hinde 1879) (絶滅)
    syn.Polygnathus linguiformis linguiformis Hinde 1879
  Linguipolygnathus linguiformis mucronatus (Wittekindt 1966) (絶滅)
    syn.Polygnathus linguiformis mucronatus Wittekindt 1966
  Linguipolygnathus linguiformis pinguis (Weddige 1977) (絶滅)
    syn.Polygnathus linguiformis pinguis Weddige 1977
 Linguipolygnathus talenti Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002
Genus Mehlina YOUNGQUIST 1945 メーリナ属 (絶滅)
 Mehlina irregularis Youngquist 1945 (絶滅)
 Mehlina gradata Youngquist 1945 (絶滅)
 Mehlina strigosa (Branson & Mehl 1934) (絶滅)
   syn.Spathognathodus strigosus (Branson & Mehl 1934) (絶滅)
     Spathodus strigosus Branson & Mehl 1934
Genus Nericodus LINDSTRÖM 1954 ネリコドゥス属 (絶滅) ※分類は暫定。
 Nericodus capillamentus Lindström 1955 (絶滅)
Genus Nicollidina DZIK 2002 ニコルリディナ属 (絶滅)
 Nicollidina brevis (Bischoff & Ziegler 1957) (絶滅)
   syn.Spathognathodus brevis Bischoff & Ziegler 1957
 Nicollidina raaschi (Klapper & Barrick 1983) (絶滅)
   syn.Ozarkodina raaschi Klapper & Barrick 1983
 Nicollidina postera (Klapper & Lane 1985) (絶滅)
   syn.Ozarkodina postera Klapper & Lane 1985
Genus Nothognathella BRANSON & MEHL 1934 ノトグナテルラ属 (絶滅)
   ※デボン紀後期。
 Nothognathella angusta Stauffer 1938 (絶滅)
 Nothognathella abbreviata Branson & Mehl 1934 (絶滅)
 Nothognathella bicristata Youngquist & Miller 1948 (絶滅)
 Nothognathella bogartensis Stauffer 1938 (絶滅)
 Nothognathella brevidonta Youngquist 1947 (絶滅)
 Nothognathella delawarensis Stauffer 1938 (絶滅)
 Nothognathella iowaensis Youngquist 1945 (絶滅)
 Nothognathella irregularis Mehl & Quigley 1944 (絶滅)
 Nothognathella klapperi Uyeno 1967 (絶滅)
 Nothognathella palmatoformis Druce 1975 (絶滅)
 Nothognathella polygnathoidea Branson & Mehl 1934 (絶滅)
 Nothognathella postsublaevis Helms & Wolska 1967 (絶滅)
 Nothognathella sublaevis Sannemann 1955 (絶滅)
 Nothognathella typicalis Branson & Mehl 1934 (絶滅)
Genus Panderodella ULRICH & BASSLER 1926 パンデロデルラ属 (絶滅)
 Panderodella maxillaris Ulrich & Bassler 1926 (絶滅)
 Panderodella truncata Ulrich & Bassler 1926 (絶滅)
   ※→Palmatolepis glaber glaber Ulrich & Bassler 1926?
Genus Pandorinellina HASS ex MÜLLER & MÜLLER 1957 パンドリネルリア属 (絶滅)
 Pandorinellina boucoti (Klapper 1969) (絶滅)
    syn.Spathognathodus boucoti Klapper 1969
 Pandorinellina ebzeryi Farrell 2003 (絶滅)
 Pandorinellina expansa Uyeno & Mason 1975 (絶滅)
 Pandorinellina exigua (Philip 1966) (絶滅)
  Pandorinellina exigua exigua (Philip 1966) (絶滅)
    syn.Ozarkodina optima exigua (Philip 1966)
      Spathognathodus exiguus Philip 1966
  Pandorinellina exigua philipi (Klapper 1969) (絶滅)
    syn.Spathognathodus exiguus philipi Klapper 1969
 Pandorinellina insita (Stauffer 1940) (絶滅)
    syn.Pandora insita "miss spelling"。
      Pandorina insita Stauffer 1940
 Pandorinellina optima (Moskalenko 1966) (絶滅)
    syn.Ozarkodina optima (Moskalenko 1966)
      Ozarkodina steinhornensis optima (Moskalenko 1966)
      Spathognathodus optimus Moskalenko 1966
 Pandorinellina palethorpei (Telford 1975) (絶滅)
   syn.Bipennatus palethorpei (Telford 1975)
     Spathognathodus palethorpei Telford 1975
 Pandorinellina parva Drygant & Szaniawski 2012 (絶滅)
 Pandorinellina plana (Huddle 1934) (絶滅)
   syn.Ozarkodina plana (Huddle 1934)
     Polygnathus planus Huddle 1934
Genus Parapolygnathus KLAPPER & PHILIP 1971 パラポリグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
 Parapolygnathus angusticostatus (Wittekindt 1966)
   syn.Polygnathus angusticostatus Wittekindt 1966
Genus Planipolygnathus KHALYMBADZHA & MINGALEEV 1994 プラノポリグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
 Planipolygnathus confragosus Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus confragosus (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994)
 Planipolygnathus lagowiensis (Helms & Wolska 1967) (絶滅)
   syn.Lagovignathus lagowiensis (Helms & Wolska 1967)
     Polygnathus lagowiensis Helms & Wolska 1967
 Planipolygnathus cunearis Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus cunearis (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994)
 Planipolygnathus explanatus Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus explanatus (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994)
 Planipolygnathus fossularis Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus fossularis (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994)
 Planipolygnathus scabrosus Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus scabrosus (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994)
 Planipolygnathus undosus Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus undosus (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994)
Genus Polygnathus HINDE 1879 ポリグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
   ※=Genus Costapolygnathus BARDASHEV, WEDDIGE & ZIEGLER 2002。
   ※+Genus Macropolygnathus COOPER 1939 (Type species : Macropolygnathus ithus Cooper 1939)。
   ※+Genus Neopolygnathus VORONTSOVA ex BARSKOV, VORONTSOVA, KONONOVA & KUZMIN 1991 (Type species : Polygnathus communis Branson & Mehl 1934)。
   ※+Genus Polydentatus KHALYMBADZHA & MINGALEEV 1994 (Type species : Polydentatus quadrifarius Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994)。
   ※+Genus Polynodosus VORONTZOVA 1993 (Type species : Polygnathus nodocostatus Branson & Mehl 1934)。
   ※デボン紀後期〜石炭紀前期(A+B)。
 Polygnathus acaulis Ulrich & Bassler 1926 (絶滅)
   ※→Polylophodonta pergyrata (Holmes 1926)?
 Polygnathus adolus Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus aequalis Klapper & Lane 1985 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus alatus Huddle 1934 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus allocotus (Cooper 1939) (絶滅)
   syn.Macropolygnathus allocotus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus anamedus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus anodosus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus anomalus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus belus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus campsus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus curtus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus diamesus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus isus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus ithus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus leyrus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus litus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus nodus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus olcus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus platys Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus radinus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus stenus Cooper 1939
     Macropolygnathus tetrodus Cooper 1939
 Polygnathus alveoliposticus Orr & Klapper 1968 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus angustus Branson & Mehl 1934 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus angustidiscus Youngquist 1945 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus angustipennatus Bischoff & Ziegler 1957 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus ansatus Ziegler & Klapper 1976 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus antecompressus Capkinogulu & Gedik 2000 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus apekinae Bardashev 1986 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus aragonensis Martínez-Pérez & Valenzuela-Ríos 2014 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus ashourii Gholamalian & Kebriaei 2008 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus abaimovae Valeryi & Blodgett 2016 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus baratovi Bardashev & Bardasheva 2012 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus barskovi Strelchenko ex Strelchenko & Kruchek 2013 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus beckeri Valeryi & Blodgett 2016 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus inflexus Baranov 1992 non Rhodes, Austin & Druce 1969
 Polygnathus benderi Weddige 1977 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus bertchogurensis Gatovsky 2010 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus bicavata Ziegler 1962 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus biconstrictus Gedik 1969 (絶滅)
    syn.Neopolygnathus biconstrictus (Gedik 1969)
 Polygnathus bicristatus Mossoni, Carta, Corradini & Spalletta 2015 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus bifarius (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994) (絶滅)
   syn.Polydentatus bifarius Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994
 Polygnathus biofacies Druce 1973 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus biserialis (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994) (絶滅)
   syn.Polydentatus biserialis Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994
 Polygnathus borealis Savage 1995 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus abbessensis Savage 2011
 Polygnathus brevilamiformis Ovnatanova 1976 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus brevilaminus Branson & Mehl 1934 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus brevis Miller & Youngquist 1947 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus bultyncki (Weddige 1977) (絶滅)
   syn.Ctenopolygnathus kimi (Apekina & Mashkova 1978)
     Ctenopolygnathus najiaoensis (Xiong 1980)
     Polygnathus hanshanensis Xiong 1980
     Polygnathus hanshanensis obovatus Xiong 1980
     Polygnathus kimi Apekina & Mashkova 1978
     Polygnathus labiosus mawsonae Long & Burrett 1989
     Polygnathus linguiformis bultyncki Weddige 1977
     Polygnathus najiaoensis Xiong 1980
     Polygnathus neoserotinus Bai 1994
 Polygnathus burretti Savage 2013 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus buzmakovi Kuzmin 1990 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus capollocki Yazdi 1999 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus carlsi Martínez-Pérez & Valenzuela-Ríos 2014 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus claviger Roundy 1926 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus communis carinus Hass 1959 (絶滅)
   syn.Neopolygnathus carinus (Hass 1959)
 Polygnathus chegodaevi Strelchenko ex Strelchenko & Kruchek 2013 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus chongqingensis Wang 2012 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus cuneatus Baranov 1992 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus collieri Huddle 1981 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus communis Branson & Mehl 1934 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus commonis collinsoni Druce 1966 (絶滅)
    syn.Neopolygnathus collinsoni (Druce 1966)
  Polygnathus communis communis Branson & Mehl 1934 (絶滅)
    syn.Neopolygnathus communis (Branson & Mehl 1934)
  Polygnathus communis dentatus Druce 1969 (絶滅)
    syn.Neopolygnathus dentatus (Druce 1969)
  Polygnathus communis gancaohuensis Xia & Chen 2004 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus communis hanensis Savage 2013 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus communis longanensis Qie, Zhang, Du, Yang, Ji & Luo 2014 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus communis namdipensis Savage 2013 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus communis phaphaensis Savage 2013 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus communis phoensis Savage 2013 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus communis yazikovi (Izokh 2017) (絶滅)
    syn.Neopolygnathus communis yazikovi Izokh 2017
 Polygnathus cooperi Klapper 1971 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus cooperi cooperi Klapper 1971 (絶滅)
    syn.Polygnathus linguiformis cooperi Klapper 1971
  Polygnathus cooperi secus Klapper, Ziegler & Mashkova 1978 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus costatus Klapper 1971 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus costatus costatus Klapper 1971 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus costatus partitus (Klapper, Ziegler & Mashkova 1978) (絶滅)
    syn.Polygnathus partitus Klapper, Ziegler & Mashkova 1978
  Polygnathus costatus patulus Klapper 1971 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus cracens Klapper, Ziegler & Mashkova 1978 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus crassulus Ulrich & Bassler 1926 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus crassulus crassulus Ulrich & Bassler 1926 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus crassulus salapiensis Savage 2013 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus crassus Hinde 1879 (絶滅)
   syn.? Polygnathus crassus Cooper 1931 non Hinde 1879
 Polygnathus cristatus Hinde 1879 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus cristatus cristatus Hinde 1879 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus cristatus ectypus Huddle 1934 (絶滅)
    syn.Polygnathus ectypus (Huddle 1934)
 Polygnathus cruciferus Branson 1934 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus curtus Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
    ※=Macropolygnathus curtus Cooper 1939?
 Polygnathus curvatus Smith 1904 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus cymachilus Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus damelei Vodrazkova, Klapper & Murphy 2011 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus datnensis Valeryi & Blodgett 2016 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus decorosus Stauffer & Uyeno 1974 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus delicatulus Ulrich & Bassler 1926 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus dengleri Bischoff & Ziegler 1957 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus dengleri dengleri Bischoff & Ziegler 1957 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus dengleri sagittus Bultynck & Jacobs 1981 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus denisbriceae Bultynck 1979 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus discurrocostatus (Matyja, Tomas, Lipiec & Turnau 2001) (絶滅)
   syn.Neopolygnathus discurrocostatus Matyja, Tomas, Lipiec & Turnau 2001
 Polygnathus diversus Helms 1959 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus dogdensis Valeryi & Blodgett 2016 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus dubius Hinde 1879 (絶滅)
    ※→Hindeodella subtilis Bassler 1925?
  Polygnathus dubius dubius Hinde 1879 (絶滅)
    syn.Costapolygnathus dubius (Hinde 1879)
  Polygnathus dubius frons Huddle 1981 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus dujieensis Qie, Zhang, Du, Yang, Ji & Luo 2014 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus dystactus Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus eiflius Bischoff & Ziegler 1957 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus efimovae Kononova, Alekseev, Barskov & Reimers 1996 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus elegantulus Klapper & Lane 1985 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus elegantulus elegantulus Klapper & Lane 1985 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus elegantulus sparus Savage 1992 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus evidens Klapper & Lane 1985 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus exodus Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus experplexus Sandberg & Ziegler 1979 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus faizievi Bardashev & Bardasheva 2012 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus fallax Helms & Wolska 1967 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus fibulus (Hartenfels & Becker 2016) (絶滅)
   syn.Neopolygnathus fibulus Hartenfels & Becker 2016
 Polygnathus flabellus Branson & Mehl 1938 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus foliatus Bryant 1921 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus germanus Ulrich & Bassler 1926 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus signatus Huddle 1934
     Polynodosus germanus (Ulrich & Bassler 1926)
 Polygnathus gilklapperi Mawson & Talent 1994 (絶滅)
   syn.Costapolygnathus gilklapperi (Mawson & Talent 1994)
 Polygnathus glaber Ulrich & Bassler 1926 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus glaber bilobata Ziegler 1962 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus glaber glaber Ulrich & Bassler 1926 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus glaber medius Helm & Wolska 1967 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus hemiansatus Bultynck 1987 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus homoirregularis Ziegler 1971 (絶滅)
   syn.? Palmatolepls irregularis Thomas 1949
 Polygnathus holynensis Vodrazkova, Klapper & Murphy 2011 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus huijunae (Wang, Becker, Aboussalam, Hartenfels, Joachimski & Gong 2016) (絶滅)
   syn.Neopolygnathus huijunae Wang, Becker, Aboussalam, Hartenfels, Joachimski & Gong 2016
 Polygnathus inaequilateralis Strelchenko ex Strelchenko & Kruchek 2013 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus incurviorus (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994) (絶滅)
   syn.Polydentatus incurviorus Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994
 Polygnathus inornatus Branson 1934 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus inornatus inornatus Branson 1934 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus inornatus rostratus Rhodes, Austin & Druce 1969 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus inornatus vexatus Rhodes, Austin & Druce 1969 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus irregularis Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus karadjalis Vorontsova & Kuzmin 1984 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus kennettensis Savage 1976 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus klugi Rogers 1998 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus krestovnikovi Ovnatanova 1969 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus klapperianus Ashouri 2006 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus krutoensis Kirilishinaa & Kononova 2008 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus lacinatus Huddle 1934 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus lacinatus asymmetricus Rhodes, Austin & Druce 1969 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus lacinatus circaperipherus Rhodes, Austin & Druce 1969 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus lacinatus lacinatus Huddle 1934 (絶滅)
    syn.Polygnathus sagittarius Youngquist & Patterson 1949
  Polygnathus lacinatus prelobatus Rhodes, Austin & Druce 1969 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus lanceolatus Smith 1904 (絶滅)
   syn.? Polygnathus lanceolatus Branson 1934 non Smith 1904
 Polygnathus lata Wittekindt 1966 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus latifossatus Wirth 1967 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus leleshusi Bardashev & Bardasheva 2012 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus lenzi Klapper 1969 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus lezhoevi Baranov, Slavik & Blodgett 2014 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus limitaris Ziegler & Klapper 1976 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus lobatus Branson & Mehl 1938 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus lobatus inflexus Rhodes, Austin & Druce 1969 non Baranov 1992 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus lobatus lobatus Branson & Mehl 1938 (絶滅)
    syn.Polygnathus cunulae Youngquist & Patterson 1949
 Polygnathus lodinensis Polsler 1959 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus macrus Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus makhlinae Kirilishinaa & Kononova 2008 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus malaniensis Kirilishina 2006 nom.nud. (絶滅)
 Polygnathus manuripiensis Jeffrey, Sarah, Peter & Brooks 2009 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus margaritatus Schäffer 1976 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus marginvolutus Gedük 1969 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus mashkovae Bardashev 1986 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus mashkovae latus Aksenova 1987 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus mashkovae mashkovae Bardashev 1986 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus medioclivorus (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994) (絶滅)
   syn.Polydentatus medioclivorus Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994
 Polygnathus mehli Thompson 1967 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus mehli latus Johnston & Higgins 1981 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus mehli mehli Thompson 1967 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus menneri Kirilishinaa & Kononova 2008 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus minus Smith 1904 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus mosquensis Litvinova 1996 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus nataliae (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994) (絶滅)
   syn.Polydentatus nataliae Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994
 Polygnathus nodocostatus Branson & Mehl 1934 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus nodocostatus nodocostatus Branson & Mehl 1934 (絶滅)
    syn.Polynodosus nodocostatus (Branson & Mehl 1934)
  Polygnathus nodocostatus productus Strelchenko ex Strelchenko & Kruchek 2013 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus nodoornatus (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994) (絶滅)
   syn.Polydentatus nodoornatus Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994
 Polygnathus nodoundatus Helms 1961 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus bicavatus Ziegler 1962
 Polygnathus nodosarius (Ji & Xiong 1985) (絶滅)
   syn.Neopolygnathus nodosarius Ji & Xiong 1985
 Polygnathus nodosus Orchard 1991 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus normalis Miller & Youngquist 1947 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus nothoperbonus Mawson 1987 (絶滅)
   syn.Eolinguipolygnathus nothoperbonus (Mawson 1987)
 Polygnathus novozemelicus Valeryi & Blodgett 2016 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus nuragicus Mossoni, Carta, Corradini & Spalletta 2015 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus obliquicostatus Ziegler 1962 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus oblongus Weddige 1977 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus obruchevae Kirilishinaa & Kononova 2008 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus omalus Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus orientalis Gagiev 1987 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus hieroglyphicus Mawson & Talent 1997
 Polygnathus orthus Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus ousnodus Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus ovatinodosus Ziegler & Klapper 1976 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus oxys Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus pachus Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus pacificus Savage & Funal 1980 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus palmatus Hinde 1879 (絶滅)
   ※→Palmatolepis perlobata perlobata Ulrich & Bassler 1926?
 Polygnathus pannonicus Mashkova & Apekina 1980 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus pupus Wang & Wang 1978 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus parvus Smith 1904 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus parawebbi Chatterton 1974 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus pauperatus Smith 1904 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus pawhuskaensis Harris & Hollingsworth 1933 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus pectinaceus (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994) (絶滅)
   syn.Polydentatus pectinaceus Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994
 Polygnathus pennatulus Ulrich & Bassler 1926 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus pinnatuloideus Holmes 1926
     Polygnathus triangularis Branson & Mehl 1934
 Polygnathus pennatus Hinde 1879 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus rimulatus Ulrich & Bassler 1926
 Polygnathus perbonus (Philip 1966) (絶滅)
   syn.Eolinguipolygnathus foveolatus (Philip & Jackson 1967)
     Polygnathus foveolatus Philip & Jackson 1967
     Roundya perbona Philip 1966
 Polygnathus permaginatus Branson 1934 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus perplanus Branson 1934 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus perplexus Thomas 1949 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus pinguis Weddige 1977 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus pollocki Druce 1976 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus postaspelundi Kirilishina 2006 nom.nud. (絶滅)
 Polygnathus postvogesi Plotitsyn & Zhuravlev 2017 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus praehassi Schäffer 1976 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus praepolitus Kononova 1996 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus praetrigonicus Bardashev 1992 non le Sauvage 1995 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus priformis (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994) (絶滅)
   syn.Polydentatus priformis Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994
 Polygnathus procerus Sannemann 1955 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus pseudocommunis Wang, Becker, Aboussalam, Hartenfels, Joachimski & Gong 2016 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus purus Voges 1959 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus purus purus Voges 1959 (絶滅)
    syn.Neopolygnathus purus purus (Voges 1959)
  Polygnathus purus subplanus Voges 1959 (絶滅)
    syn.Neopolygnathus purus subplanus (Voges 1959)
      Polygnathus subplanus (Voges 1959)
 Polygnathus pseudocostatus Klapper & Vodrážková 2013 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus pseudofoliatus Wittekindt 1966 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus pseudosiratchoicus Kirilishina 2006 nom.nud. (絶滅)
 Polygnathus pustulatus (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994) (絶滅)
   syn.Polydentatus pustulatus Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994
 Polygnathus quadrifarius (Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994) (絶滅)
   syn.Polydentatus quadrifarius Khalymbadzha & Mingaleev 1994
 Polygnathus radinus Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus ramoni Martínez-Pérez & Valenzuela-Ríos 2014 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus rarus Aksenova 1987 (絶滅)
   syn.? Polygnathus rarus Balinski 1995 non Aksenova 1987
 Polygnathus ratebi Yazdi 1999 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus rhenanus Klapper, Philip & Jackson 1970 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus rhenanus marijae Huddle 1981 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus rhenanus rhenanus Klapper, Philip & Jackson 1970 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus robertsensis Vodrazkova, Klapper & Murphy 2011 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus robustus Klapper & Lane 1985 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus robusticostatus Bischoff & Ziegler 1957 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus rosae Martínez-Pérez, Valenzuela-Ríos & Botella 2010 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus rostratus Rhodes, Austin & Druce 1969 (絶滅)
   syn.Pseudopolygnathus inornatus rostratus (Rhodes, Austin & Druce 1969) (絶滅)
 Polygnathus rudkinenesis Ovnatanova & Kononova 1996 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus salixensis Vodrazkova, Klapper & Murphy 2011 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus sariangensis Savage, Sardsud & Lutat 2007 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus scaphus Huddle 1934 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus schinkaryovi Gatovsky 2010 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus schwartzi Chatterton 1978 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus scobiniformis Branson 1934 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus semeni Strelchenko ex Strelchenko & Kruchek 2013 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus semicostatus Branson & Mehl 1934 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus porrectus Vorontzova & Kuzmin 1984
 Polygnathus senckenbergi (Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002) (絶滅)
   syn.Ctenopolygnathus senckenbergi Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002
 Polygnathus serotinus (Telford 1975) (絶滅)
   syn.Costapolygnathus mariannae Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002
     Costapolygnathus schenkae Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002
     Costapolygnathus snigirevae Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002
     Ctenopolygnathus foliformis (Snigireva 1975)
     Ctenopolygnathus totensis (Snigireva 1975)
     Linguipolygnathus declinatus (Wang 1979)
     Linguipolygnathus serotinus (Telford 1975)
     Linguipolygnathus timofeevae Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002
     Linguipolygnathus wangi Bardashev, Weddige & Ziegler 2002
     Polygnathus declinatus Wang 1979
     Polygnathus foliformis Snigireva 1975
     Polygnathus foveolatus serotinus Telford 1975
     Polygnathus perbonus ssp.nov. Perry, Klapper & Lenz 1974
     Polygnathus quadratus Klapper, Ziegler & Mashkova 1978
     Polygnathus totensis Snigireva 1975
 Polygnathus serratus Hinde 1879 (絶滅)
   ※=Palmatolepis glabra Ulrich & Bassler 1926?
 Polygnathus slastenovi Valeryi & Blodgett 2016 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus spicatus Branson 1934 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus anidus Cooper 1939
 Polygnathus subincompletus Ovnatanove & Kononova 1996 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus subirregularis Sandberg & Ziegler 1979 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus sublatus Ulrich & Bassler 1926 (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus varinodosa Branson & Mehl 1934
 Polygnathus submutabilis (Kirilishina 2006) (絶滅)
   syn.Neopolygnathus submutabilis Kirilishina 2006
 Polygnathus subtortilis Youngqu1st & Patterson 1949 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus sudeticus (Dzik 1997) (絶滅)
   syn.Neopolygnathus sudeticus Dzik 1997
 Polygnathus surodus Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus symmetricus Branson 1934 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus szulczewskii Matyja 1975 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus taffi Roundy 1926
 Polygnathus tafilensis Aboussalam & Becker 2007 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus tarabukini Valeryi & Blodgett 2016 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus tedi Uyeno & Wendte 2005 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus tenellus Ji & Ziegler 1993 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus texanus Roundy 1926 non Roundy 1926 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus timanicus Ovnatanova 1969 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus timorensis Klapper, Philip & Jackson 1970 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus toxophorus Cooper 1939 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus tridenticulatus Cooper 1931 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus trilinearis (Cooper 1973) (絶滅)
   syn.Spathognathodus trilinearis Cooper 1973
 Polygnathus triphyllatus (Ziegler 1960) (絶滅)
   syn.Polylophodonta triphyllata Ziegler 1960
 Polygnathus tuberculatus Hinde 1879 (絶滅)
   ※→Ancyrodella lobata Branson & Mehl 1934?
 Polygnathus uchtensis Ovnatanova & Kuzmin 1991 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus varcus Stauffer 1940 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus varymarginatus Kirilishina 2006 nom.nud. (絶滅)
 Polygnathus vogesi Ziegler 1962 (絶滅)
    syn.Neopolygnathus vogesi (Ziegler 1962)
 Polygnathus vorontsovae (Kuzmin 1996) (絶滅)
   syn.Neopolygnathus vorontsovae Kuzmin 1996
 Polygnathus webbi Stauffer 1938 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus xylus Stauffer 1940 (絶滅)
  Polygnathus xylus ensensis (Ziegler & Klapper 1976) (絶滅)
    syn.Polygnathus ensensis Ziegler & Klapper 1976
  Polygnathus xylus xylus Stauffer 1940 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus zeravshanicus (Bardashev & Ziegler 1992) (絶滅)
   syn.Eognathodus zeravshanicus Bardashev & Ziegler 1992
 Polygnathus zinaidae Kononova, Alekseev, Barskov & Reimers 1996 (絶滅)
 Polygnathus znepolensis Spassov 1965 (絶滅)
Genus Scaliognathus BRANSON & MEHL 1941  スカリオグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
   ※石炭紀前期(A+B)。
 Scaliognathus anchoralis Branson & Mehl 1941 (絶滅)
  Scaliognathus anchoralis anchoralis Branson & Mehl 1941 (絶滅)
  Scaliognathus anchoralis europensis Lane & Ziegler 1980 (絶滅)
  Scaliognathus anchoralis fairchildi Lane & Ziegler 1980 (絶滅)
 Scaliognathus chirkini Bardasheva, Bardashev Weddige & Ziegler 2004 (絶滅)
Genus Serraellataxis CHAUFFE & NICHOLS 1995 属 (絶滅)
 Serraellataxis petroskei Chauffe & Nichols 1995 (絶滅)
Genus Skeletognathus SANDBERG, ZIEGLER & BULTYNCK 1989 スケレトグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
 Skeletognathus norrisi (Uyeno 1967) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus norrisi Uyeno 1967
Genus Staurognathus BRANSON & MEHL 1941 スタウログナトゥス属 (絶滅)
   ※デボン紀。
 Staurognathus anchorarius Hasss 1959 (絶滅)
 Staurognathus cruciformis Branson & Mehl 1941 (絶滅)
Genus Youngquistognathus MYSHKINA & ZHURAVLEV 2005  ヨウングクイストグナトゥス属 (絶滅)
 Youngquistognathus rossicus (Zhuravlev 2000) (絶滅)
   syn.Polygnathus rossicus Zhuravlev 2000
inserted by FC2 system