Nemacheilidae、おさかなマガジン 分類トップ

*世界中【硬骨魚綱】。
*淡水棲、汽水棲、海水棲、深海棲【硬骨魚綱】。
*骨格が硬骨で構成(例外あり)【硬骨魚綱】。
*変温動物、体温を周囲より高温に保つグループあり【硬骨魚綱】。
*変温動物、氷点下でも凍結しないグループ有り【硬骨魚綱】。
*鰓呼吸が中心、他にも色々【硬骨魚綱】。
 (皮膚呼吸・肺(鰾)呼吸・腸管呼吸・口腔内粘膜に於けるガス交換)
*外鰓孔は1対(例外あり)、一部左右が連結・融合【硬骨魚綱】。
*鱗を有する(例外あり)【硬骨魚綱】。
*耳石を有する【硬骨魚綱】。
*鰾を有する(例外あり)【硬骨魚綱】。
*幽門垂(幽門=胃腸の境〜に存在する盲嚢)を有する(例外あり)【硬骨魚綱】。
*対鰭・非対鰭の一部を欠く魚種がある【硬骨魚綱】。
*しばしば脂鰭がみられる【硬骨魚綱】。
*腹鰭は生殖器官にならない(例外あり)【硬骨魚綱】。
*臀鰭が生殖器官になるグループがある【硬骨魚綱】。
*雌雄異体、一部は雌雄同体・性転換、単為生殖も存在【硬骨魚綱】。
*体外受精、体内受精、卵生、卵胎生、胎生【硬骨魚綱】。
*全て硬骨【真骨亜区】。
*円鱗・櫛鱗【真骨亜区】。
*上顎骨・前上顎骨が可動(口を前方に突出出来るものもある)【真骨亜区】。
*尾鰭は正尾(基本的に上葉=下葉)【真骨亜区】。
*鰾と内耳は管・若しくは器官により連絡【ニシン・骨鰾下区】。
*追星を生じる一群が存在【ニシン・骨鰾下区】。
*背鰭は1基【ニシン・骨鰾下区】。
*脂鰭を持たない(例外あり)【ニシン・骨鰾下区】。
*腹鰭は腹位【ニシン・骨鰾下区】。
*白亜紀〜現代【骨鰾上目】。
*世界中【骨鰾上目】。
*淡水棲、汽水棲、海水棲【骨鰾上目】。
*ウェーベル氏器官(聴覚に関連)の存在【骨鰾上目】。
*体表に微細な角質突起【骨鰾上目】。
*被災個体は警戒フェロモン分泌【骨鰾上目】。
*旧世界・新世界【骨鰾系】。
*淡水棲、汽水域進入性【骨鰾系】。
*ウェーベル氏器官は完全【骨鰾系】。
*追星・若しくは性的2型(例外あり)【骨鰾系】。
*新生代(暁新世)〜現代【コイ目】。
*旧大陸(ユーラシア+アフリカ)【コイ目】。
*殆どが淡水棲、一部汽水域進入性、非常に稀な海水棲【コイ目】。
*緩やかな流れや止水域、渓流棲、回遊性【コイ目】。
*頭頂骨があり頭部は無鱗【コイ目】。
*接続骨・下鰓蓋骨・肉間骨がある【コイ目】。
*ウェーベル氏器官【コイ目】。
*咽頭歯を有する(例外あり)【コイ目】。
*顎に歯がない【コイ目】。
*鰓条骨3【コイ目】。
*口器伸長可能、若しくは吸盤状をなす【コイ目】。
*鼻上げや粘膜呼吸・腸管呼吸など、特殊なガス交換能【コイ目】。
*2〜のヒゲ(非可動)を持つ魚種も多いが、これを欠く魚種も多数【コイ目】。
*背鰭は1基、脂鰭を欠く(例外あり)【コイ目】。
*対鰭・非対鰭は完全【コイ目】。
*卵生、卵は守らない(例外あり)【コイ目】。
*旧大陸、淡水棲、汽水域進入性、底棲【フクドジョウ科】。
*底棲、口は裏面に開口【フクドジョウ科】
*3対以上のヒゲがある【フクドジョウ科】。
*背鰭は体の中央に位置、腹鰭は同位置【フクドジョウ科】。
*対鰭は一般的な魚種同様分離独立【フクドジョウ科】。
*一部に脂鰭(隆起)【フクドジョウ科】。
*滝登り性質【フクドジョウ科】。



Family NEMACHEILIDAE REGAN 1911 フクドジョウ科
Nemacheilids (フクドジョウ科)


Genus Aborichthys CHAUDHURI 1913 アボリクティス属
   ※性的2型。オス個体は体の後半のみ・メス個体は縞模様が全身に残る。
 Aborichthys bijulensis Tekriwal & Rao 1999 nom.nud.
 Aborichthys elongatus Hora 1921
   ※"レッドテール(スクイレル)ローチ"・"ストライプサンドローチ"。
 Aborichthys garoensis Hora 1925
   syn.Nemacheilus garoensis (Hora 1925)
 Aborichthys kempi Chaudhuri 1913
   syn.Nemacheilus kempi (Chaudhuri 1913)
 Aborichthys tikaderi Barman 1985
   syn.Nemacheilus tikaderi (Barman 1985)
Genus Acanthocobitis PETERS 1861 アカントコビティス属
   ※+Genus Acanthocobitis PETERS 1861 Sub-Genus Paracanthocobitis GRANT 2007 (Type species : Cobitis zonalternans Blyth 1860)。
   ※+Genus Paracanthocobitis (GRANT 2007) (Type species : Cobitis zonalternans Blyth 1860)。
 Acanthocobitis botia (Hamilton 1822) "モトルドローチ"・"ジッパーローチ"。
   syn.Canthophrys unispina Swainson 1839
     Cobitis arenata Valenciennes ex Jacquemont 1839
     Cobites argentata Swainson 1839
     Cobitis bilturio Hamilton 1822
     Cobitis bimucronata McClelland 1839
     Cobitis botia Hamilton 1822
     Cobitis gibbosa McClelland 1839
     Cobitis monocera McClelland 1839
     Cobitis ocellata McClelland 1839
     Cobitis turio Hamilton 1822
     Nemacheilus botius (Hamilton 1822)
     Nemacheilus mackenziei (Chaudhuri 1910)
     Nemachilus mackenziei Chaudhuri 1910
   ※pH7.2・24〜26℃。IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Acanthocobitis longipinnis Peters 1861
 Acanthocobitis mandalayensis (Rendahl 1948)
   syn.Nemacheilus rubidipinnis mandalayensis Rendahl 1948
 Acanthocobitis mooreh (Sykes 1839)
   syn.Cobitis mooreh Sykes 1839
     Nemacheilus aureus Day 1872
     Nemacheilus mooreh (Sykes 1839)
     Nemacheilus sinuatus Day 1870
 Acanthocobitis pavonacea (McClelland 1839)
   syn.Cobitis pavonacea McClelland 1839
     Nemacheilus pavonaceus (McClelland 1839)
     Schistura pavonacea (McClelland 1839)
   ※背鰭基底がちょっと長い。
 Acanthocobitis pictilis Kottelat 2012
 Acanthocobitis rubidipinnis (Blyth 1860) "チェリーフィンローチ"。
   syn.Cobitis rubidipinnis Blyth 1860
     Cobitis semizonata Blyth 1860
     Nemacheilus rubidipinnis (Blyth 1860)
   ※23〜25℃。
 Acanthocobitis urophthalma (Günther 1868)
   syn.Nemacheilus urophthalmus Günther 1868
   ※"バンデッドマウンテンローチ"・"オセレートローチ"。
   ※IUCN Lower Risk/conservation dependent ver.2.3
 Acanthocobitis zonalternans (Blyth 1860) "ストライプローチ"。
   syn.Cobitis zonalternans Blyth 1860
     Nemacheilus phuketensis (Klausewitz 1957)
     Nemacheilus zonalternans (Blyth 1860)
     Noemacheilus phuketensis Klausewitz 1957
     Paracanthocobitis zonalternans (Blyth 1860)
   ※pH6.8〜7.8・24〜26℃。
Genus Afronemacheilus GOLUBTSOV & PROKOFIEV ex PROKOFIEV 2009 アフロネマケイルス属
 Afronemacheilus abyssinicus (Boulenger 1902)
   syn.Nemacheilus abyssinicus (Boulenger 1902)
     Nemachilus abyssinicus Boulenger 1902
   ※22〜25℃。IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Afronemacheilus kaffus Prokofiev 2010 nom.nud.
Genus Barbatula LINCK 1790 フクドジョウ属
   ※+Genus Cobites SWAINSON 1839 (Type species : Cobites barbatulus Swainson 1839)。
   ※+Genus Orthrias JORDAN & FOWLER 1903 (Type species : Orthrias oreas Jordan & Fowler 1903)。
 Barbatula altayensis Zhu 1992
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
Barbatula barbatula  Barbatula barbatula (von Linné 1758) フクドジョウ・"ストーンローチ"。
   syn.? Barbatula barbatula caucasica (Berg 1899)
     Cobites barbatulus Swainson 1839 non von Linné 1758
     Cobites barbatulus (von Linné 1758)
     Cobitis barbatula von Linné 1758 non Swainson 1839
     Cobitis barbatula parisiensis la Pylaie 1835
     Cobitis barbatula pictava la Pylaie 1835
     Cobitis barbatula pironae (Nardo 1866)
     Cobitis furstenbergii Bonaparte 1846 non Heckel & Kner 1858
     Cobitis Fuerstenbergii (Heckel & Kner 1858)
     Cobitis Fürstenbergii Heckel & Kner 1858 non Bonaparte 1846
     Cobitis pironae Nardo 1866
     Cobitis variabilis Günther 1868
     Nemacheilus barbatulus (von Linné 1758)
     Nemacheilus barbatulus anglicanus (Bănărescu 1967)
     Nemacheilus barbatulus blackianus (Bănărescu 1967)
     ? Nemacheilus barbatulus caucasicus (Berg 1899)
     Nemacheilus barbatulus aberr.erythrinnus Berg 1933
     Nemacheilus barbatulus fa.anglicana Bănărescu 1967
     Nemacheilus barbatulus fa.blackianus Bănărescu 1967
     ? Nemacheilus sibiricus Gratzianow 1907 ※=Barbatula tomiana (Ruzsky 1920)?
     Nemachilus barbatulus (von Linné 1758)
     Nemachilus barbatulus vardarensis Karaman 1928
     ? Nemachilus barbatulus caucasicus Berg 1899
     Nemachilus barbatulus var.tauricus Kessler 1877
     Noemacheilus barbatulus (von Linné 1758)
     Orthrias barbatulus (von Linné 1758)
   ※pH7.0〜7.7・10〜18℃。IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Barbatula cobdonensis (Gundriser 1973)
   syn.Nemachilus cobdonensis Gundriser 1973
 Barbatula compressirostris (Warpachowski 1897)
   syn.Nemachilus compressirostris Warpachowski 1897
 Barbatula dgebuadzei (Prokofiev 2003)
   syn.Orthrias dgebuadzei Prokofiev 2003
 Barbatula golubtsovi (Prokofiev 2003)
   syn.Orthrias golubtsovi Prokofiev 2003
 Barbatula markakulensis (Menshikov 1939)
   syn.Nemacheilus barbatulus markakulensis Menshikov 1939
 Barbatula nuda (Bleeker 1864)
   syn.Barbatula barbatula nuda (Bleeker 1864)
     Barbatula stoliczkai shansi Nichols 1925
     ? Barbatula toni fowleri Nichols 1925
     ? Barbatula toni kirinensis Tchang 1932
     Nemacheilus nudus Bleeker 1864
     ? Nemachilus pechiliensis Fowler 1899
     Orthrias nudus (Bleeker 1864)
 Barbatula oreas (Jordan & Fowler 1903)
   syn.Orthrias oreas Jordan & Fowler 1903
 Barbatula potaninora (Prokofiev 2007)
   syn.Orthrias potaninorus Prokofiev 2007
 Barbatula quignardi (Bănărescu 1967)
   syn.Nemacheilus barbatulus hispanicus (Bănărescu 1967) Lelek 1987
     Nemacheilus barbatulus quignardi Bănărescu 1967
     Nemacheilus barbatulus fa.hispanicus Bănărescu 1967
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Barbatula restricta Prokofiev 2015
 Barbatula sawadai (Prokofiev 2007)
   syn.Orthrias sawadai Prokofiev 2007
 Barbatula sturanyi (Steindachner 1892)
   syn.Nemacheilus sturanyi (Steindachner 1892)
     Nemachilus sturanyi Steindachner 1892
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Barbatula tomiana (Ruzsky 1920)
   syn.Barbatula barbatula toni morph.tigris Gundriser 1975
     Nemacheilus barbatulus tomianus Ruzsky 1920
 Barbatula toni (Dybowski 1869) "ストーンローチ(シベリア)A"。
   syn.Cobitis toni Dybowski 1869
     Nemacheilus toni (Dybowski 1869)
 Barbatula zetensis (Šorić 2001)
   syn.Orthrias barbatulus zetensis Šorić 2001
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
Genus Claea KOTTELAT 2011 クラエア属
   ※=Genus Oreias LE SAUVAGE 1874。
   ※≠Genus Oreias KAUP 1829 [Phasianidae, Galliformes, Aves]。
   ※≠Genus Oreias TEMMINCK ex TEMMINCK & DE CHARTROUSE 1839 [Phasianidae, Galliformes, Aves]。
 Claea dabryi (le Sauvage1874)
   syn.Barbatula dabryi (le Sauvage1874)
     Oreias crassipedunculatus Bănărescu & Nalbant 1976
     Oreias dabryi le Sauvage1874
     Oreias furcatus Bănărescu & Nalbant 1976
     Schistura dabryi (le Sauvage1874)
 Claea niulanjiangensis (Chen, Lu & Mao 2006)
   syn.Schistura niulanjiangensis Chen, Lu & Mao 2006
Genus Draconectes KOTTELAT 2012 ドラコネクテス属
 Draconectes narinosus Kottelat 2012
Genus Dzihunia PROKOFIEV 2001 ドゥジフニア属
 Dzihunia amudarjensis (Rass 1929) "ブカラストーンローチ"。
   syn.Nemacheilus amudarjensis (Rass 1929)
     Nemacheilus amudarjensis choresmi (Berg 1932)
     Nemachilus amudarjensis Rass 1929
     Nemachilus amudarjensis choresmi Berg 1932
 Dzihunia ilan (Turdakov 1936)
   syn.Nemachilus amudarjensis ilan Turdakov 1936
 Dzihunia turdakovi Prokofiev 2003
Genus Eidinemacheilus SEGHERLOO, GHAEDRAHMATI & FREYHOF 2016 エイディネマケイルス属
 Eidinemacheilus proudlovei Freyhof, Abdullah, Ararat, Ibrahim & Geiger 2016
 Eidinemacheilus smithi (Greenwood 1976)
   syn.Nemacheilus smithi (Greenwood 1976)
     Noemacheilus smithi Greenwood 1976
     Paracobitis smithi (Greenwood 1976)
   ※"メクラドジョウA"・"ブラインドローチ"。
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  D2  ver.2.3
Genus Eonemachilus BERG 1938 エオネマキルス属
 Eonemachilus longidorsalis (Li, Tao & Lu ex Li, Tao, Mao & Lu 2000)
   syn.Yunnanilus longidorsalis Li, Tao & Lu ex Li, Tao, Mao & Lu 2000
 Eonemachilus nigromaculatus (Regan 1904)
   syn.Nemacheilus nigromaculatus (Regan 1904)
     Nemachilus nigromaculatus Regan 1904
     Yunnanilus nigromaculatus (Regan 1904)
   ※IUCN Endangered  B1+2abc  ver.2.3
 Eonemachilus yangzonghaiensis (Cao & Zhu ex Zheng 1989)
   syn.Yunnanilus nigromaculatus yangzonghaiensis Cao & Zhu ex Zheng 1989
     Yunnanilus yangzonghaiensis (Cao & Zhu ex Zheng 1989)
Genus Gojeb PROKOFIEV 2004 ゴイェブ属
   ※→Genus Nemacheilus (VAN HASSELT 1823 Emend.) BLEEKER 1863?
Genus Hedinichthys (RENDAHL 1933) ヘディニクティス属
   ※=Genus Genus Nemacheilus (VAN HASSELT 1823 Emend.) BLEEKER 1863 Sub-Genus Hedinichthys RENDAHL 1933。
 Hedinichthys grummorus Prokofiev 2010
 Hedinichthys macropterus (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.Nemacheilus yarkandensis macropterus (Herzenstein 1888)
     Nemacheilus yarkandensis nordkansuensis (Li & Chang 1974)
     Nemachilus yarkandensis macropterus Herzenstein 1888
     Nemachilus yarkandensis nordkansuensis Li & Chang 1974
     Triplophysa yarkandensis macroptera (Herzenstein 1888)
 Hedinichthys minutus (Li ex Li, Tai, Chang, Ma, Ho & Kao 1966)
   syn.Nemachilus minutus Li ex Li, Tai, Chang, Ma, Ho & Kao 1966
     Triplophysa minuta (Li ex Li, Tai, Chang, Ma, Ho & Kao 1966)
 Hedinichthys yarkandensis (Day 1877) "カシュガルローチ"。
   syn.Barbatula yarkandensis (Day 1877)
     Nemacheilus yarkandensis Day 1877
     Nemacheilus yarkandensis brevibarbus Herzenstein 1888
     Nemacheilus yarkandensis longibarbus Herzenstein 1888
     Nemachilus tarimensis Kessler 1879
     Triplophysa yarkandensis (Day 1877)
Genus Heminoemacheilus BĂNĂRESCU 1977 Emend. ZHU & CAO 1987 ヘミノエマケイルス属
   ※Bānārescuは記述なし、現在の本属とも関係がないもの。
 Heminoemacheilus hyalinus Lan, Yang & Chen 1996
 Heminoemacheilus zhengbaoshani Zhu & Cao 1987
Genus Homatula (NICHOLS 1925) ホマトゥラ属
   ※=Genus Barbatula LINCK 1790 Sub-Genus Homatula NICHOLS 1925。
 Homatula acuticephala (Zhou & He 1993)
   syn.Paracobitis acuticephala Zhou & He 1993
 Homatula anguillioides (Zhu & Wang 1985)
   syn.Paracobitis anguillioides Zhu & Wang 1985
 Homatula berezowskii (Günther 1896)
   syn.Barbatula berezowskii (Günther 1896)
     Nemacheilus berezowskii Günther 1896
 Homatula erhaiensis (Zhu & Cao 1988)
   syn.Paracobitis erhaiensis Zhu & Cao 1988
 Homatula laxiclathra Gu & Zhang 2012
   syn.Paracobitis laxiclathra (Gu & Zhang 2012)
 Homatula longidorsalis (Yang, Chen & Kottelat 1995)
   syn.Paracobitis variegatus longidorsalis Yang, Chen & Kottelat 1995
 Homatula nanpanjiangensis (Min, Chen & Yang 2010)
   syn.Paracobitis nanpanjiangensis Min, Chen & Yang 2010
 Homatula oligolepis (Cao & Zhu ex Zheng 1989)
   syn.Paracobitis oligolepis (Cao & Zhu ex Zheng 1989)
     Paracobitis variegatus oligolepis Cao & Zhu ex Zheng 1989
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Homatula potanini (Günther 1896)
   syn.Barbatula potanini (Günther 1896)
     Nemacheilus potanini (Günther 1896)
     Nemachilus potanini Günther 1896
     Paracobitis potanini (Günther 1896)
 Homatula pycnolepis Hu & Zhang 2010
 Homatula variegatus (de Thiersant ex le Sauvage& de Thiersant 1874)
   syn.Barbatula oxygnatha (Regan 1908)
     Nemacheilus oxygnathus Regan 1908
     Nemacheilus variegatus de Thiersant ex le Sauvage& de Thiersant 1874
     Paracobitis variegata (de Thiersant ex le Sauvage& de Thiersant 1874)
 Homatula wujiangensis (Ding & Deng 1990)
   syn.Paracobitis wujiangensis Ding & Deng 1990
 Homatula wuliangensis Min, Yang & Chen 2012
Genus Ilamnemacheilus COAD & NALBANT 2005 イラムネマケイルス属
 Ilamnemacheilus longipinnis Coad & Nalbant 2005
Genus Indoreonectes (RITA & NALBANT ex RITA, BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT 1978) インドレオネクテス属
   ※=Genus Oreonectes GÜNTHER 1868 Sub-Genus Indoreonectes RITA & NALBANT ex RITA, BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT 1978。
 Indoreonectes evezardi (Day 1872)
   syn.Nemacheilus evezardi Day 1872
     Oreonectes evezardi (Day 1872)
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.2.3
 Indoreonectes keralensis (Rita & Nalbant 1978)
   syn.Nemacheilus keralensis (Rita & Nalbant 1978)
     Oreonectes keralensis Rita & Nalbant 1978 ※=Oreonectes (Indoreonectes) keralensis Rita & Nalbant 1978。
Genus Indotriplophysa (PROKOFIEV 2010) インドトリプロフィサ属
   ※=Genus Triplophysa RENDAHL 1933 Sub-Genus Indotriplophysa PROKOFIEV 2010。
 Indotriplophysa choprai (Hora 1934)
   syn.Nemachilus choprai Hora 1934
     Triplophysa choprai (Hora 1934)
     Triplophysa stenura choprai (Hora 1934)
 Indotriplophysa choprai (Hora 1934)
   syn.Triplophysa kokshaalensis Prokofiev 2010
 Indotriplophysa crassicauda (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.Nemachilus stoliczkae crassicaudus Herzenstein 1888
     Triplophysa crassicauda (Herzenstein 1888)
 Indotriplophysa eugeniae (Prokofiev 2002)
   syn.Triplophysa eugeniae Prokofiev 2002
 Indotriplophysa leptosoma (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.Nemachilus stoliczkae leptosomus Herzenstein 1888
     Nemachilus stoliczkae productus Herzenstein 1888
     Triplophysa leptosoma (Herzenstein 1888)
 Indotriplophysa tenuicauda (Steindachner 1866)
   syn.Cobitis tenuicauda Steindachner 1866
     ? Nemacheilus ladacensis (Günther 1868)
     Nemacheilus tenuicandus (Steindachner 1866)
     ? Nemachilus ladacensis Günther 1868
     Triplophysa tenuicauda (Steindachner 1866)
     ? Triplophysa ladacensis (Günther 1868)
 Indotriplophysa tenuis (Day 1877)
   syn.Nemacheilus tenuis Day 1877
     Triplophysa tenuis (Day 1877)
 Indotriplophysa yasinensis (Alcock 1898)
   syn.? Nemacheilus ajmonis (di Caporiacco 1933)
     Nemacheilus kashmirensis (Hora 1922)
     ? Nemachilus ajmonis di Caporiacco 1933
     ? Nemachilus hutchinsoni Hora 1936
     Nemachilus kashmirensis Hora 1922
     Nemachilus yasinensis Alcock 1898
     Triplophysa yasinensis (Alcock 1898)
     Triplophysa kashmirensis (Hora 1922)
Genus Iskandaria PROKOFIEV 2009 イスカンダリア属
 Iskandaria kuschakewitschi (Herzenstein 1890) "クスカケウィッチローチ"。
   syn.Iskandaria kuschakewitschi badamensis (Turdakov 1947)
     Nemacheilus kuschakewitschi (Herzenstein 1890)
     Nemacheilus kuschakewitschi badamensis (Turdakov 1947)
     Nemachilus kuschakewitschi Herzenstein 1890
     Nemachilus kuschakewitschi badamensis Turdakov 1947
   ※10〜20℃。
 Iskandaria pardalis (Turdakov 1941) "タドジクローチ"。
   syn.Iskandaria kuschakewitschi pardalis (Turdakov 1941)
     Nemacheilus pardalis (Turdakov 1941)
     Nemachilus pardalis Turdakov 1941
   ※pH6.8〜7.8・10〜18℃。
Genus Labiatophysa (PROKOFIEV 2010) ラビアトフィサ属
   ※=Genus Triplophysa RENDAHL 1933 Sub-Genus Labiatophysa PROKOFIEV 2010。
 Labiatophysa nasalis (Kessler 1876)
   syn.Diplophysa nasalis Kessler 1876
 Labiatophysa herzensteini (Berg 1909)
   syn.Diplophysa labiata herzensteini Berg 1909
     Nemachilus labiatus herzensteini (Berg 1909)
     Triplophysa herzensteini (Berg 1909)
 Labiatophysa kaznakowi (Prokofiev 2004)
   syn.Triplophysa kaznakowi Prokofiev 2004
 Labiatophysa labiata (Kessler 1874) "プレーンシックリップローチ"。
   syn.Barbatula labiata (Kessler 1874)
     Diplophysa labiata Kessler 1874
     Nemacheilus labiatus (Kessler 1874)
     Nemacheilus labiatus conjungens Herzenstein 1888
     Triplophysa labiata (Kessler 1874)
   ※pH7.0・14〜20℃。
 Labiatophysa microphthalma (Kessler 1879)
   syn.Barbatula microphthalma (Kessler 1879)
     Diplophysa microphthalma Kessler 1879
     Nemachilus microphthalmus (Kessler 1879)
     Triplophysa microphthalma (Kessler 1879)
Genus Lefua HERZENSTEIN 1888 ホトケドジョウ属
   ※+Genus Elxis JORDAN & FOWLER 1903 (Type species : Elxis nikkonis Jordan & Fowler 1903)。
   ※=Genus Octonema HERZENSTEIN ex WARPACHOWSKI & HERZENSTEIN 1887 。
   ※≠Genus Octonema (MARTENS 1869) [Genus Oreonectes GÜNTHER 1868]。
   ※≠Genus Octonema HAECKEL 1879 [Malagazziidae, Leptothecata, Cnidaria]。
   ※← [Lefuini PROKOFIEV 2010]。
 Lefua costata (Kessler 1876) "エイトバーベルローチ"。
   syn.Diplophysa costata Kessler 1876
     Elxis coreana Jordan & Starks 1905
     Lefua andrewsi Fowler 1922
     Nemacheilus dixoni Fowler 1899
 Lefua echigonia Jordan & Richardson 1907 ホトケドジョウ
   ※18〜22℃。
   ※環絶滅危惧IB類(EN)・石川県指定希少野生動植物種。絶滅危惧IA類(秋田)
   ※EN(山形)・希少(福島)。
   ※絶滅危惧II類(新潟)・稀少種(茨城)・絶滅危惧IB類(埼玉)・要保護生物C(千葉)。
   ※東京(区部CR+EN)(北多摩CR+EN)(南多摩VU)(西多摩VU)
   ※絶滅危惧IB類(神奈川)・絶滅危惧II類VU(静岡)。
   ※絶滅危惧II類(山梨)・準絶滅危惧(岐阜)・絶滅(富山)・絶滅危惧II類(石川)
   ※絶滅危惧II類(長野)・VU(愛知)。
   ※絶滅危機増大(滋賀)・絶滅寸前(京都)・Aランク(兵庫)・絶滅危惧I類CR+EN(鳥取)。
 Lefua hoffmanni Herre 1932
 Lefua nikkonis (Jordan & Fowler 1903) エゾホトケ
   syn.Elxis nikkonis Jordan & Fowler 1903
     Lefua costata nikkonis (Jordan & Fowler 1903)
   ※環絶滅危惧IB類(EN)・北海道RL絶滅危惧EN。
   ※pH6.8〜7.5・15〜25℃。
 Lefua pleskei (Herzenstein 1887)
   syn.Octonema pleskei Herzenstein 1887
 Lefua sayu (Herre & Lin 1936)
   syn.Oreonectes sayu Herre & Lin 1936
 Lefua sp 1. 'Nagare-Hotokedojyou' ナガレホトケドジョウ
   ※環絶滅危惧IB類(EN)
   ※準絶滅危惧NT(静岡)・VU(愛知)・絶滅危惧I類CR+EN(和歌山)・絶滅寸前(京都)
   ※絶滅危惧I類(大阪)・Bランク(兵庫)
   ※絶滅危惧II類(岡山)・絶滅危I類(徳島)・絶滅危惧I類(香川)・絶滅危惧IB類EN(愛媛)。
 Lefua sp 2. 'Tokai form' ホトケドジョウ属(東海集団) 環絶滅危惧IB類(EN)
Genus Longischistura BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT 1995 ロンギスキストゥラ属
   ※→Genus Schistura MCCLELLAND 1838?
 Longischistura striata (Day 1867)
   syn.Nemacheilus striatus Day 1867
     Schistura striata (Day 1867)
Genus Mesonoemacheilus BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT ex SINGH SEN, BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT 1982 メソノエマケイルス属
   ※=Genus Noemacheilus KUHL & VAN HASSELT ex VAN HASSELT 1823 Sub-Genus Mesonoemacheilus (BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT ex SINGH SEN, BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT 1982)。
 Mesonoemacheilus guentheri (Day 1867)
   syn.Nemacheilus guentheri Day 1867
 Mesonoemacheilus herrei Nalbant & Bănărescu ex Singh, Sen, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1982
   syn.Noemacheilus menoni Zacharias & Minimol 1999
 Mesonoemacheilus pambarensis (Rema Devi & Indra 1994)
   syn.Noemacheilus pambarensis Rema Devi & Indra 1994
 Mesonoemacheilus petrubanarescui (Menon 1984)
   syn.Nemacheilus petrubanarescui (Menon 1984)
     Noemacheilus petrubanarescui Menon 1984
   ※IUCN Near Threatened ver.3.1
 Mesonoemacheilus pulchellus (Day 1873)
   syn.Nemacheilus pulchellus Day 1873
   ※IUCN Endangered  B1ab(iii,v)  ver.3.1
 Mesonoemacheilus remadevii Shaji 2002
 Mesonoemacheilus triangularis (Day 1865)
   syn.? Nemacheilus periyarensis Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2005
     Nemacheilus triangularis Day 1865
     Noemacheilus triangularis tambaraparniensis Menon 1987
   ※pH7.0〜7.5・21〜26℃。
Genus Metaschistura PROKOFIEV 2009 メタスキストゥラ属
   ※脂鰭。
 Metaschistura cristata (Berg 1898) "トルクメニアンクレステッドローチ"。
   syn.Barbatula cristata (Berg 1898)
     Nemacheilus cristatus (Berg 1898)
     Nemachilus cristatus Berg 1898
     Schistura cristata (Berg 1898)
   ※10〜20℃。
Genus Micronemacheilus (RENDAHL 1944) ミクロネマケイルス属
   ※=Genus Nemacheilus (VAN HASSELT 1823 Emend.) BLEEKER 1863 Sub-Genus Micronemacheilus RENDAHL 1944。
 Micronemacheilus cruciatus (Rendahl 1944)
   syn.Nemacheilus cruciatus Rendahl 1944
     Yunnanilus cruciatus (Rendahl 1944)
Genus Nemacheilus (VAN HASSELT 1823 Emend.) BLEEKER 1863 ネマケイルス属
   ※+Genus Modigliania PERUGIA 1893 (Type species : Modigliania papillosa Perugia 1893)。
   ※=Genus Naunacheilus KUHL & VAN HASSELT ex VAN HASSELT 1823 nom.nud.。スペルミス。
   ※=Genus Nemacheilos KNER 1867。スペルミス。
   ※=Genus Nemachilus GÜNTHER 1868。スペルミス。
   ※+Genus Noemacheilus KUHL & VAN HASSELT ex VAN HASSELT 1823 (Type species : Noemacheilus fasciatus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823)。
   ※+Genus Noemacheilus KUHL & VAN HASSELT ex VAN HASSELT 1823 Sub-Genus Pogononemacheilus FOWLER 1937 (Type species : Nemacheilus masyae Smith 1933)。
   ※=Genus Nematocheilos KNER 1867。スペルミス。
   ※+Genus Pogononemacheilus (FOWLER 1937) (Type species : Nemacheilus masyae Smith 1933)。
   ※← [Sub-Family Nemachilinae REGAN 1911]。
   ※脂鰭。
 Nemacheilus anguillus Annandale 1919
   syn.Nemacheilus poonaensis Menon 1949
 Nemacheilus arenicolus Kottelat 1998
 Nemacheilus banar Freyhof & Serov 2001
Nemacheilus binotatus  Nemacheilus bergi Gratsianov 1907
   ※=Oxynoemacheilus lenkoranensis (Abdurakhmanov 1962)?
 Nemacheilus binotatus Smith 1933
   ※26〜28℃。
 Nemacheilus blythii Day 1870
 Nemacheilus chrysolaimos (Valenciennes ex Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846)
   syn.Cobitis chrysolaimos Valenciennes ex Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846
 Nemacheilus cleopatrus Freyhof & Serov 2001
 Nemacheilus coricus (Hamilton 1822)
   syn.Acoura cinerea (Swainson 1839)
     Cobites cinerea Swainson 1839
     Cobitis corica Hamilton 1822
     Schistura corica (Hamilton 1822)
     Schistura punctata McClelland 1839
   ※pH8.0・22℃。
 Nemacheilus elegantissimus Chin & Samat 1992
   syn.Nemacheilus ornatissimus Doi 1997 nom.nud.
 Nemacheilus fasciatus (Bleeker 1846) "バードローチ"。
   syn.Cobitis fasciata Bleeker 1846
     Cobitis suborbitalis Valenciennes ex Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846
     Homaloptera fasciata (Bleeker 1846)
     ? Naemacheilus fasciatus (Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823) ※スペルミス。
     ? Noemacheilus fasciatus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 non Bleeker 1863
   ※6.5〜7.0・22〜24℃。
 Nemacheilus jaklesii (Bleeker 1852)
   syn.Cobitis jaklesii Bleeker 1852
 Nemacheilus kaimurensis Husain & Tilak 1998
 Nemacheilus kapuasensis Kottelat 1984
 Nemacheilus longipectoralis Popta 1905
 Nemacheilus longipinnis Ahl 1922
   syn.Nemacheilus lactogeneus Roberts 1989
 Nemacheilus longistriatus Kottelat 1990
 Nemacheilus lunanensis Li & Xia 1987
   syn.? Noemacheilus lunanensis Li & Xia 1999
 Nemacheilus marang Hadiaty & Kottelat 2010
 Nemacheilus masyae Smith 1933 "アローローチ"。
   syn.Nemacheilus masyai (Smith 1933)
     Pogononemacheilus masyae (Smith 1933)
 Nemacheilus monilis Hora 1921
 Nemacheilus olivaceus Boulenger 1894
 Nemacheilus ornatus Kottelat 1990
 Nemacheilus pallidus Kottelat 1990
 Nemacheilus papillos Tan & Kottelat 2009
 Nemacheilus papillosus (Perugia 1893)
   syn.Modigliania papillosa Perugia 1893
     Noemacheilus papillosus (Perugia 1893)
 Nemacheilus paucimaculatus Bohlen & Šlechtová 2011
 Nemacheilus pfeifferi (Bleeker 1853)
   syn.Cobitis pfeifferae ※記載後の訂正。
     Cobitis pfeifferi Bleeker 1853
     Nemacheilus pfeifferae ※記載後の訂正。
     Nemachilus dunckeri Ahl 1922
 Nemacheilus platiceps Kottelat 1990
 Nemacheilus saravacensis Boulenger 1894
 Nemacheilus selangoricus Duncker 1904
   syn.Nemacheilus kuiperi (de Beaufort 1939)
     Nemacheilus trans-lineatus Fowler 1939
     Nemacheilus translineatus (Fowler 1939)
     Nemachilus kuiperi de Beaufort 1939
   ※pH6.5〜7.0・23〜25℃。
 Nemacheilus sikkimensis (Mani 1974)
   syn.Noemacheilus sikkimensis Mani 1974
 Nemacheilus spiniferus Kottelat 1984
 Nemacheilus stigmofasciatus Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2009
 Nemacheilus tebo Hadiaty & Kottelat 2009
 Nemacheilus troglocataractus Kottelat & Gery 1989
   ※"メクラドジョウC"・"ブラインドケーブローチ"。
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  D2  ver.2.3
 Nemacheilus tuberigus Hadiaty & Siebert 2001
 Nemacheilus turfanensis (Herzenstein 1899)
   syn.Nemachilus turfanensis Herzenstein 1899 nom.nud.
   ※=Triplophysa zhaoi Prokofiev 2006。
Genus Nemachilichthys DAY 1878 ネマキリクティス属
   ※=Genus Noemacheilichthys JAYARAM 1981。スペルミス。
   ※=Genus Noemacheilus KUHL & VAN HASSELT ex VAN HASSELT 1823 Sub-Genus Nemachilichthys (DAY 1878)。スペルミス。
 Nemachilichthys ruppelli (Sykes 1839)
   syn.Cobitis rueppelli (Sykes 1839)
     Cobitis rupelli (Sykes 1839)
     Cobitis rüpelli Sykes 1839
     Mesonoemacheilus rueppelli (Sykes 1839)
     Nemacheilus rueppelli (Sykes 1839)
     Nemachilichthys rueppelli (Sykes 1839)
 Nemachilichthys shimogensis Rao 1920
   syn.Nemacheilus shimogensis (Rao 1920)
   ※→Nemachilichthys ruppelli (Sykes 1839)。
Genus Neonoemacheilus ZHU & GUO 1985 ネオノエマケイルス属
   ※+Genus Infundibulatus (MENON 1987) (Type species : Nemachilus peguensis Hora 1929)。
   ※+Genus Nemacheilus (VAN HASSELT 1823 Emend.) BLEEKER 1863 Sub-Genus Infundibulatus MENON 1987 (Type species : Nemachilus peguensis Hora 1929)。
 Neonoemacheilus assamensis (Menon 1987)
   syn.Nemacheilus assamensis (Menon 1987)
     Noemacheilus assamensis Menon 1987
 Neonoemacheilus labeosus (Kottelat 1982)
   syn.Nemacheilus labeosus Kottelat 1982
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Neonoemacheilus mengdingensis Zhu & Guo ex Zhu 1989
 Neonoemacheilus morehensis Arunkumar 2000
 Neonoemacheilus peguensis (Hora 1929)
   syn.Infundibulatus peguensis (Hora 1929)
     Nemacheilus peguensis (Hora 1929)
     Nemachilus peguensis Hora 1929
Genus Oreonectes GÜNTHER 1868 オレオネクテス属
   ※+Genus Homaloptera VAN HASSELT 1823 Sub-Genus Octonema MARTENS 1869 (Type species : Homaloptera rotundicauda Martens 1869)。
   ※≠Genus Octonema HAECKEL 1879 [Malagazziidae, Leptothecata, Cnidaria]。
   ※≠Genus Octonema HERZENSTEIN ex WARPACHOWSKI & HERZENSTEIN 1887 [Genus Lefua]。
   ※+Genus Octonema (MARTENS 1869) (Type species : Homaloptera rotundicauda Martens 1869)。
 Oreonectes anophthalmus Zheng ex Zheng 1981
   ※地下棲。IUCN Vulnerable  D2  ver.2.3
 Oreonectes elongatus Tang, Zhao & Zhang 2012
 Oreonectes furcocaudalis Zhu & Cao 1987
   ※地下棲。IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Oreonectes guananensis Yang, Wei, Lan & Yang 2011
   ※洞窟棲。
 Oreonectes luochengensis Yang, Wu, Wei & Yang 2011
   ※洞窟棲。
 Oreonectes macrolepis Huang, Du, Chen & Yang 2009
 Oreonectes microphthalmus Du, Chen & Yang 2008
   ※洞窟棲。
 Oreonectes platycephalus Günther 1868 "フラットヘッドローチ"。
   syn.Homaloptera rotundicauda Martens 1869 ※=Homaloptera (Octonema) rotundicauda Martens 1869。
     Octonema rotundicaudum (Martens 1869)
     Oreonectes yenlingi Lin 1932
   ※普通に眼球と色彩あり。
 Oreonectes polystigmus Du, Chen & Yang 2008
 Oreonectes retrodorsalis Lan, Yang & Chen 1995
 Oreonectes shuilongensis Deng, Xiao, Hou & Zhou 2016
 Oreonectes translucens Zhang, Zhao & Zhang 2006
Genus Oxynoemacheilus (BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT 1966) オキシノエマケイルス属
   ※+Genus Nanoschistura ERK'AKAN, NALBANT & OZEREN 2007 nom.nud.
   ※=Genus Noemacheilus KUHL & VAN HASSELT ex VAN HASSELT 1823 Sub-Genus Oxynoemacheilus BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT 1966。
   ※+Genus Nun BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT ex BĂNĂRESCU, NALBANT & GOREN 1982 (Type species : Cobitis galilaea Günther 1864)。
 Oxynoemacheilus anatolicus Erk'akan, Özeren & Nalbant 2008
 Oxynoemacheilus angorae (Steindachner 1897) "アンゴラローチ"。
   syn.Barbatula angorae (Steindachner 1897)
     Nemacheilus angorae (Steindachner 1897)
     Nemachilus angorae Steindachner 1897
     Orthrias angorae (Steindachner 1897)
   ※pH7.0〜7.5・14〜22℃。IUCN Data Deficient ver.2.3
 Oxynoemacheilus araxensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978)
   syn.Barbatula araxensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978)
     Orthrias angorae araxensis Bănărescu & Nalbant ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978
     Orthrias araxensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978)
 Oxynoemacheilus argyrogrammus (Heckel 1848)
   syn.Barbatula euphratica (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1964)
     Barbatula tschaiyssuensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1964)
     Cobitis argyrogramma Heckel 1848
     Nemacheilus tschaiyssuensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1964)
     Noemacheilus insignis euphraticus Bănărescu & Nalbant 1964
     Noemacheilus tschaiyssuensis Bănărescu & Nalbant 1964
     Nomacheilus insignis euphraticus Bănărescu & Nalbant 1964
     Orthrias euphraticus (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1964)
     Orthrias tschaiyssuensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1964)
     Oxynoemacheilus tschaiyssuensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1964)
   ※IUCN Endangered  B1ab(iii)  ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus banarescui (Delmastro 1982)
   syn.Orthrias brandti banarescui Delmastro 1982
 Oxynoemacheilus bergianus (Derzhavin 1934)
   syn.Barbatula bergiana (Derzhavin 1934)
     Nemacheilus bergianus (Derzhavin 1934)
     Nemachilus bergianus Derzhavin 1934
 Oxynoemacheilus brandtii (Kessler 1877) "クラローチ"。
   syn.Barbatula brandtii (Kessler 1877)
     Nemacheilus brandti (Kessler 1877)
     Nemachilus brandtii Kessler 1877
     Nemachilus brandti gibbusnazus Elanidze 1983
     Orthrias brandti (Kessler 1877)
   ※pH7.0・10〜20℃。IUCN Data Deficient ver.2.3
 Oxynoemacheilus bureschi (Drensky 1928)
   syn.Barbatula bureschi (Drensky 1928)
     Orthrias brandti macedonicus Šorić 2000
     Nemacheilus bureschi Drensky 1928
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus ceyhanensis (Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007)
   syn.Schistura ceyhanensis Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007
 Oxynoemacheilus chomanicus Kamangar, Prokofiev, Ghaderi & Nalbant 2014
 Oxynoemacheilus cinicus (Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007)
   syn.Barbatula cinica Erk'akan, Nalbant & Ozeren 2007
 Oxynoemacheilus cyri (Berg 1910)
   syn.Nemacheilus tigris cyri (Berg 1910)
     Nemachilus tigris cyri Berg 1910
 Oxynoemacheilus ercisianus (Erk'akan & Kuru 1986)
   syn.Barbatula pulsiz (Krupp 1992)
     Nemacheilus pulsiz Krupp 1992
     Orthrias angorae ercisianus Erk'akan & Kuru 1986
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.2.3
 Oxynoemacheilus erdali (Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007)
   syn.Barbatula erdali Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007
 Oxynoemacheilus eregliensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant, ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978)
   syn.Barbatula eregliensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant, ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978)
     Orthrias angorae eregliensis Bănărescu & Nalbant, ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978
   ※IUCN Critically Endangered  B1ab(iii)  ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus evreni (Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007)
   syn.Schistura evreni Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007
 Oxynoemacheilus frenatus (Heckel 1843)
   syn.Barbatula frenata (Heckel 1843)
     Cobitis frenata Heckel 1843
     Nemacheilus frenatus (Heckel 1843)
     Nemachilus frenatus (Heckel 1843)
     Nemachilus frenatus afrenatus Battalgil 1941
     Orthrias frenatus (Heckel 1843)
 Oxynoemacheilus galilaeus (Günther 1864)
   syn.Cobitis galilaea Günther 1864
     Nemacheilus galilaeus (Günther 1864)
     Nun galilaeus (Günther 1864)
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus germencicus (Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007)
   syn.Barbatula germencica Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007
 Oxynoemacheilus gyndes Freyhof & Abdullah 2017
 Oxynoemacheilus hamwii (Krupp & Schneider 1991)
   syn.Nemacheilus hamwii Krupp & Schneider 1991
 Oxynoemacheilus hanae Freyhof & Abdullah 2017
 Oxynoemacheilus insignis (Heckel 1843)
   syn.Cobitis insignis Heckel 1843
     Nemacheilus angorae jordanicus Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966
     Nemacheilus dori (Goren & Bănărescu ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Goren 1982)
     Nemacheilus insignis (Heckel 1843)
     Nemacheilus insignis tortonesei Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966
     Nemacheilus israeliticus (Goren & Bănărescu ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Goren 1982)
     Nemacheilus jordanicus (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966)
     Nemacheilus pantheroides Goren & Bănărescu ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Goren 1982
     Orthrias dori Goren & Bănărescu ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Goren 1982
     Orthrias insignis (Heckel 1843)
     Orthrias insignis jordanicus (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966)
     Orthrias israeliticus Goren & Bănărescu ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Goren 1982
     Orthrias jordanicus (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966)
     Orthrias pantheroides Goren & Nalbant ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Goren 1982
   ※17〜24℃。IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus karunensis Freyhof 2016
 Oxynoemacheilus kaynaki Erk'akan, Özeren & Nalbant 2008 "ストーンローチ"。
 Oxynoemacheilus kiabii Golzarianpour, Abdoli & Freyhof 2011
 Oxynoemacheilus kosswigi (Erk'akan & Kuru 1986)
   syn.Barbatula kosswigi (Erk'akan & Kuru 1986)
     ? Nemachilus angorae alasanicus Elanidze 1983
     Orthrias angorae kosswigi (Erk'akan & Kuru 1986)
     Oxynoemacheilus angorae kosswigi Erk'akan & Kuru 1986
 Oxynoemacheilus kurdistanicus Kamangar, Prokofiev, Ghaderi & Nalbant 2014
 Oxynoemacheilus lenkoranensis (Abdurakhmanov 1962)
   syn.Nemacheilus angorae lenkoranensis Abdurakhmanov 1962
 Oxynoemacheilus leontinae (Lortet 1883)
   syn.Nemachilus leontinae Lortet 1883
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus mediterraneus (Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007)
   syn.Barbatula mediterranea Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007
 Oxynoemacheilus mergus (Krynicki ex Nordmann 1840) "クリニッキーストーンローチ"。
   syn.Barbatula merga (Krynicki ex Nordmann 1840)
     Cobitis merga Krynicki ex Nordmann 1840
     Cobitis nurga Valenciennes ex Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846
     Nemacheilus mergus (Krynicki ex Nordmann 1840)
     Nemacheilus terekensis Gratzianow 1907
   ※10〜22℃。IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus namiri (Krupp & Schneider 1991)
   syn.Barbatula namiri (Krupp & Schneider 1991)
     Nemacheilus namiri Krupp & Schneider 1991
     Schistura namiri (Krupp & Schneider 1991)
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus oxianus (Kessler 1877) "アムダリアストーンローチ"。
     Nemacheilus brandtii oxianus (Kessler 1877)
     Nemacheilus oxianus (Kessler 1877)
     Nemacheilus oxianus nat.zeravschani Turdakov 1936
     Nemachilus brandtii var.oxianus Kessler 1877
     Nemachilus flavus Berg 1905
   ※pH6.8〜7.5・10〜18℃。
 Oxynoemacheilus panthera (Heckel 1843)
   syn.Barbatula panthera (Heckel 1843)
     Cobitis leoparda Heckel 1843
     Cobitis panthera Heckel 1843
     Nemacheilus pantherus (Heckel 1843)
     Nemacheilus pantherus leopardus (Heckel 1843)
     Orthrias pantherus (Heckel 1843)
   ※16〜24℃。
 Oxynoemacheilus paucilepis (Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007)
   syn.Barbatula paucilepis Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007
 Oxynoemacheilus persus (Heckel 1848)
   syn.Barbatula farsica (Nalbant & Bianco 1999)
     Barbatula persa (Heckel 1848)
     Cobitis persa Heckel 1848
     Nemacheilus persus (Heckel 1848)
     Oxyneomacheilus farsicus (Nalbant & Bianco 1999)
     Orthrias farsicus Nalbant & Bianco 1999
     Orthrias persus (Heckel 1848)
     Oxynemacheilus persus (Heckel 1848) ※スペルミス。
     Oxynolmacheilus persus (Heckel 1848) ※スペルミス。
 Oxynoemacheilus persus (Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007)
   syn.Barbatula phoxinoides Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007
 Oxynoemacheilus pindus (Economidis 1991)
   syn.Barbatula pinda (Economidis 1991)
     Orthrias pindus Economidis 1991
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)  ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus samanticus (Bănărescu & Nalbant ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978)
   syn.Barbatula samantica (Bănărescu & Nalbant ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978)
     Orthrias brandti samanticus Bănărescu & Nalbant ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978
     Schistura samantica (Bănărescu & Nalbant ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978)
   ※IUCN Endangered  B1ab(iii)  ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus seyhanensis (Bănărescu 1968)
   syn.Barbatula seyhanensis (Bănărescu 1968)
     Nemacheilus tigris seyhanensis Bănărescu 1968
   ※IUCN Endangered  B1ab(iii)  ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus seyhanicolus (Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007)
   syn.Schistura seyhanicola Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007
 Oxynoemacheilus simavicus (Balik & Bănărescu ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978)
   syn.Barbatula simavica (Balik & Bănărescu ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978)
     Orthrias brandti simavicus Balik & Bănărescu ex Bănărescu, Nalbant & Balik 1978
   ※IUCN Critically Endangered  B1ab(ii,iii,v)+2ab(ii,iii,v)  ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus theophilii Stoumboudi, Kottelat & Barbieri 2006
   syn.Barbatula bergamensis Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus tigris (Heckel 1843) ※16〜22℃。
   syn.Barbatula tigris (Heckel 1843)
     Cobitis tigris Heckel 1843
     Nemacheilus tigris (Heckel 1843)
     Orthrias tigris (Heckel 1843)
     Paracobitis tigris (Heckel 1843)
 Oxynoemacheilus tongiorgii (Nalbant & Bianco 1999)
   syn.Seminemacheilus tongiorgii Nalbant & Bianco 1999
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Oxynoemacheilus zagrosensis Kamangar, Prokofiev, Ghaderi & Nalbant 2014
Genus Paracobitis BLEEKER 1863 パラコビティス属
   ※+Genus Adiposia ANNANDALE & HORA 1920 (Type species : Nemachilus macmahoni Chaudhuri 1909)。
   ※≠Genus Pseudodon GOULD 1845 [Unionidae, Bivalvia, Mollusca]。
   ※+Genus Pseudodon KESSLER 1874 (Type species : Cobitis longicauda Kessler 1872)。
   ※← [Family Adiposiidae JORDAN 1923]。
 Paracobitis boutanensis (McClelland & Griffith ex McClelland 1842)
   syn.Cobitis boutanensis McClelland & Griffith ex McClelland 1842
 Paracobitis ghazniensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966)
   syn.Noemacheilus ghazniensis Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966
 Paracobitis iranica Nalbant & Bianco 1999
 Paracobitis longicauda (Kessler 1872) "イースタンクレステッドローチ"。
   syn.Cobitis longicauda Kessler 1872
     Nemacheilus longicaudus (Kessler 1872)
     Nemacheilus malapterurus longicaudus (Kessler 1872)
     Paracobitis malapterura longicauda (Kessler 1872)
     Pseudodon longicaudus (Kessler 1872)
   ※10〜22℃。
 Paracobitis malapterura (Valenciennes ex Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846) "ウエスタンクレステッドローチ"。
   syn.Cobitis malapterura Valenciennes ex Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846
     Nemacheilus malapterurus (Valenciennes ex Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846)
 Paracobitis rhadinaea (Regan 1906)
   syn.Adiposia macmahoni (Chaudhuri 1909)
     Nemacheilus macmahoni (Chaudhuri 1909)
     Nemachilus macmahoni Chaudhuri 1909
     Nemachilus rhadinaeus Regan 1906
     Paracobitis macmahoni (Chaudhuri 1909)
 Paracobitis vignai Nalbant & Bianco 1999
Genus Paranemachilus ZHU 1983 パラネマキルス属
 Paranemachilus genilepis Zhu 1983
Genus Paraschistura PROKOFIEV 2009 パラスキストゥラ属
 Paraschistura alepidota (Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1970)
   syn.Nemacheilus rupicolus alepidotus (Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1970)
     Noemacheilus rupecola alepidotus Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1970
     Schistura alepidota (Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1970)
 Paraschistura bampurensis (Nikolski 1900)
   syn.Nemacheilus bampurensis Nikolski 1900
     Schistura bampurensis (Nikolski 1900)
 Paraschistura chrysicristinae (Nalbant 1998)
   syn.Schistura chrysicristinae Nalbant 1998
 Paraschistura kessleri (Günther 1889) "ケッスラーローチ"。
   syn.Nemacheilus kessleri (Günther 1889)
     Nemachilus kessleri Günther 1889
     Schistura kessleri (Günther 1889)
   ※20〜30℃。
 Paraschistura lepidocaulis (Mirza & Nalbant ex Mirza Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981)
   syn.Schistura kessleri lepidocaulis Mirza & Nalbant ex Mirza Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981
     Schistura lepidocaulis (Mirza & Nalbant ex Mirza Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981)
 Paraschistura lindbergi (Bănărescu & Mirza 1965)
   syn.Nemacheilus lindbergi (Bănărescu & Mirza 1965)
     Nemacheilus lindbergi haarlovi Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966
     Noemacheilus lindbergi Bănărescu & Mirza 1965
     Schistura lindbergi (Bănărescu & Mirza 1965)
 Paraschistura microlabra (Mirza & Nalbant ex Mirza, Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981)
   syn.Schistura microlabra Mirza & Nalbant ex Mirza, Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981
 Paraschistura naseeri (Ahmad & Mirza 1963)
   syn.Nemacheilus punjabensis naseeri (Ahmad & Mirza 1963)
     Noemacheilus punjabensis naseeri Ahmad & Mirza 1963
     Schistura naseeri (Ahmad & Mirza 1963)
 Paraschistura nielseni (Nalbant & Bianco 1999)
   syn.Schistura nielseni Nalbant & Bianco 1999
 Paraschistura pakistanica (Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza Bănărescu & Nalbant 1969)
   syn.Nemacheilus pakistanicus (Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza Bănărescu & Nalbant 1969)
     Noemacheilus pakistanicus Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza Bănărescu & Nalbant 1969
     Schistura pakistanica (Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza Bănărescu & Nalbant 1969)
 Paraschistura prashari (Hora 1933)
   syn.Nemacheilus prashari (Hora 1933)
     Nemachilus prashari Hora 1933
     Schistura prashari (Hora 1933)
 Paraschistura punjabensis (Hora 1923)
   syn.Nemacheilus alepidotus nalbanti Bănărescu & Mirza 1972
     Nemacheilus punjabensis (Hora 1923)
     ? Nemacheilus sargandensis paludani Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966
     Nemachilus punjabensis Hora 1923
     Noemacheilus alepidotus nalbanti Bănărescu & Mirza 1972
     Schistura punjabensis (Hora 1923)
     Schistura nalbanti (Bănărescu & Mirza 1972)
 Paraschistura sargadensis (Nikolski 1900) "トルクメニアンローチ"。
   syn.Nemacheilus sargadensis (Nikolski 1900)
     ? Nemacheilus turcmenicus (Berg 1932)
     Nemachilus sargadensis Nikolski 1900
     ? Nemachilus turcmenicus Berg 1932
     Schistura sargadensis (Nikolski 1900)
   ※pH6.8〜7.8・15〜22℃。
 Paraschistura turcomana (Nikolski 1947)
   syn.Nemachilus kessleri turcomanus Nikolski 1947
Genus Petruichthys (MENON 1987) ペトルイクティス属
   ※=Genus Noemacheilus KUHL & VAN HASSELT ex VAN HASSELT 1823 Sub-Genus Petruichthys MENON 1987。
 Petruichthys brevis (Boulenger 1893)
   syn.Eonemachilus brevis (Boulenger 1893)
     Nemacheilus brevis (Boulenger 1893)
     Nemachilus brevis Boulenger 1893
     Yunnanilus brevis (Boulenger 1893)
   ※22〜24℃。IUCN Vulnerable  B1ab(iii);D2  ver.3.1
 Petruichthys salmonides (Chaudhuri 1911)
     Nemacheilus salmonides (Chaudhuri 1911)
     Nemachilus salmonides Chaudhuri 1911
Genus Physoschistura BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT ex SINGH, SEN, BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT 1982 フィソスキストゥラ属
 Physoschistura brunneana (Annandale 1918)
   syn.Nemacheilus brunneanus (Annandale 1918)
     Nemachilus brunneanus Annandale 1918
 Physoschistura chhimtuipuiensis Lalramliana, van Lalhlimpuia, Solo & Vanramliana 2016
 Physoschistura chindwinensis Lokeshwor & Vishwanath 2012
 Physoschistura chulabhornae Suvarnaraksha 2013
 Physoschistura dikrongensis Lokeshwor & Vishwanath 2012
 Physoschistura elongata Sen & Nalbant ex Singh, Sen, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1982
   syn.Nemacheilus barapaniensis (Menon 1987)
     Nemacheilus elongatus (Sen & Nalbant ex Singh, Sen, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1982)
     Noemacheilus barapaniensis Menon 1987
     Noemacheilus elongatus (Sen & Nalbant ex Singh, Sen, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1982)
 Physoschistura pseudobrunneana Kottelat 1990
   syn.Nemacheilus pseudobrunneanna (Kottelat 1990)
 Physoschistura raoe (Hora 1929)
   syn.Nemachilus raoe Hora 1929
     Physoschistura raoi "miss spelling"。
 Physoschistura rivulicola (Hora 1929)
   syn.Nemacheilus rivulicolus (Hora 1929)
     Nemachilus rivulicolus Hora 1929
 Physoschistura shanensis (Hora 1929)
   syn.Nemacheilus shanensis (Hora 1929)
     Nemachilus shanensis Hora 1929
     Schistura shanensis (Hora 1929)
 Physoschistura tigrina Lokeshwor & Vishwanath 2012
 Physoschistura tuivaiensis Lokeshwor, Vishwanath & Shanta 2012
 Physoschistura walongensis Tamang & Sinha 2016
 Physoschistura yunnaniloides Chen, Kottelat & Neely 2011
Genus Protonemacheilus YANG & CHU 1990 プロトネマケイルス属
 Protonemacheilus longipectoralis Yang & Chu 1990
Genus Pteronemacheilus BOHLEN & ŠLECHTOVÁ 2011 プテロネマケイルス属
 Pteronemacheilus lucidorsus Bohlen & Šlechtová 2011
   ※pH6.5・24℃。
 Pteronemacheilus meridionalis (Zhu 1982)
   syn.Nemacheilus meridionalis (Zhu 1982)
     Nemachilus meridionalis Zhu 1982
     Physoschistura meridionalis (Zhu 1982)
     Schistura meridionalis (Zhu 1982)
Genus Qinghaichthys (ZHU 1981) クィンガイクティス属
   ※=Genus Triplophysa RENDAHL 1933 Sub-Genus Qinghaichthys ZHU 1981。
 Qinghaichthys alticeps (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.Nemacheilus alticeps Herzenstein 1888
     Nemachilus alticeps (Herzenstein 1888)
     Triplophysa alticeps (Herzenstein 1888)
 Qinghaichthys rotundiventris (Wu & Chen 1979)
   syn.Nemacheilus rotundiventris Wu & Chen 1979
     Triplophysa rotundiventris (Wu & Chen 1979)
 Qinghaichthys zamegacephalus (Zhao 1985)
   syn.Nemacheilus zamegacephalus (Zhao 1985)
     Nemachilus zamegacephalus Zhao 1985
     Triplophysa zamegacephala (Zhao 1985)
Genus Sasanidus FREYHOF, GEIGER, GOLZARIANPOUR & PATIMAR 2016 ササニドゥス属
 Sasanidus kermanshahensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966)
   syn.Nemacheilus kermanshahensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966)
     Noemacheilus kermanshahensis Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966
     Orthrias kermanshahensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966)
     Oxynemacheilus kermanshahensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966)
     Barbatula kermanshahensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1966)
Genus Schistura MCCLELLAND 1838 スキストゥラ属
   ※+Genus Acoura (SWAINSON 1839) (Type species : Acoura obscura Swainson 1839)。
   ※+Genus Acura AGASSIZ 1846 (Type species : Acoura obscura Swainson 1839)。スペルミス。
   ※+Genus Cobitis VON LINNÉ 1758 Sub-Genus Acoura SWAINSON 1839 (Type species : Acoura obscura Swainson 1839)。
 Schistura acuticephala (Hora 1929)
   syn.Nemacheilus acuticephalus (Hora 1929)
     Nemachilus acuticephalus Hora 1929
 Schistura afasciata Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza, Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981
 Schistura aizawlensis Lalramliana 2012
 Schistura albirostris Chen & Neely 2012
 Schistura alta Nalbant & Bianco 1999
 Schistura alticrista Kottelat 1990
   syn.Nemacheilus alticristus (Kottelat 1990)
 Schistura altipedunculata (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1968)
   syn.Nemacheilus altipedunculatus (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1968)
     Noemacheilus altipedunculatus Bănărescu & Nalbant 1968
 Schistura amplizona Kottelat 2000
 Schistura anambarensis (Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1970)
   syn.Nemacheilus anambarensis (Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1970)
     Noemacheilus anambarensis Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1970
 Schistura andrewi Solo, Lalramliana, Lalronunga & Lalnuntluanga 2014
 Schistura antennata Freyhof & Serov 2001
 Schistura aramis Kottelat 2000
 Schistura arifi Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza, Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981
   syn.Nemacheilus arifi (Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza, Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981)
 Schistura athos Kottelat 2000
   syn.Oreias punctatus Nguyen 2005
     Schistura punctata (Nguyen 2005)
 Schistura atra Kottelat 1998
 Schistura aurantiaca Plongsesthee, Page & Beamish 2011
 Schistura bachmaensis Freyhof & Serov 2001
 Schistura bairdi Kottelat 2000
 Schistura balteata (Rendahl 1948)
   syn.Nemacheilus balteatus Rendahl 1948
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Schistura baluchiora (Zugmayer 1912)
   syn.Nemacheilus baluchiorus (Zugmayer 1912)
     Nemachilus baluchiorus Zugmayer 1912
 Schistura bannaensis Chen, Yang & Qi 2005
 Schistura beavani (Günther 1868) "クリークローチ"。
   syn.Nemacheilus beavani (Günther 1868)
     Nemachilus beavani Günther 1868
   ※pH8.0・22℃。
 Schistura bella Kottelat 1990
   syn.Noemacheilus bellus (Kottelat 1990)
 Schistura bhimachari (Hora 1937)
   syn.Longischistura bhimachari (Hora 1937)
     Nemacheilus bhimachari (Hora 1937)
     Nemachilus bhimachari Hora 1937
 Schistura bolavenensis Kottelat 2000
 Schistura breviceps (Smith 1945)
   syn.Noemacheilus breviceps Smith 1945
 Schistura bucculenta (Smith 1945)
   syn.Nemacheilus bucculentus (Smith 1945)
     Noemacheilus bucculentus Smith 1945
 Schistura callichroma (Zhu & Wang 1985)
   syn.Nemacheilus callichromus (Zhu & Wang 1985)
     Noemacheilus callichromus Zhu & Wang 1985
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Schistura callidora Bohlen & Šlechtová 2011
 Schistura carbonaria Freyhof & Serov 2001
 Schistura carletoni (Fowler 1924)
   syn.Nemacheilus carletoni Fowler 1924
 Schistura cataracta Kottelat 1998
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  A2ce  ver.3.1
 Schistura caudofurca (Mai 1978)
   syn.Barbatula caudofurca Mai 1978
     Nemacheilus laterivittatus (Zhu & Wang 1985)
     Noemacheilus laterivittatus Zhu & Wang 1985
     Schistura laterivittata (Zhu & Wang 1985)
 Schistura chapaensis (Rendahl 1944)
   syn.Barbatula chapaensis (Rendahl 1944)
     Nemacheilus chapaensis Rendahl 1944
 Schistura chindwinica (Tilak & Husain 1990)
   syn.Nemacheilus chindwinicus Tilak & Husain 1990
 Schistura cincticauda (Blyth 1860)
   syn.Cobitis cincticauda Blyth 1860
     Nemacheilus cincticaudus (Blyth 1860)
 Schistura clatrata Kottelat 2000
 Schistura conirostris (Zhu 1982)
   syn.Nemachilus conirostris Zhu 1982
 Schistura coruscans Kottelat 2000
 Schistura crabro Kottelat 2000
 Schistura cryptofasciata Chen, Kong & Yang 2005
 Schistura curtistigma Mirza & Nalbant ex Mirza, Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981
 Schistura dalatensis Freyhof & Serov 2001
 Schistura daubentoni Kottelat 1990
 Schistura deansmarti Vidthayanon & Kottelat 2003
   ※洞窟棲・色素なし。眼球あり。
 Schistura defectiva Kottelat 2000
 Schistura denisoni (Day 1867)
   syn.Nemacheilus chryseus Day 1873
     Nemacheilus denisoni Day 1867
     Nemacheilus denisoni dayi (Hora 1935)
     Nemacheilus dayi (Hora 1935)
     Nemacheilus rendahli (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1968)
     Nemachilus dayi Hora 1935
     Nemachilus savonus Day 1878 non Hamilton 1822
     Noemacheilus denisoni (Day 1867)
     Noemacheilus denisoni pambaensis Menon 1987
     Noemacheilus rendahli Bănărescu & Nalbant 1968
     Schistura dayi (Hora 1935)
     Schistura rendahli (Bănărescu & Nalbant 1968)
 Schistura desmotes (Fowler 1934)
   syn.Nemacheilus desmotes Fowler 1934
     ? Nemacheilus myrmekius Fowler 1935
 Schistura devdevi (Hora 1935)
   syn.Nemacheilus devdevi (Hora 1935)
     Nemachilus devdevi Hora 1935
 Schistura diminuta Ou, Montana, Winemiller & Conway 2011
 Schistura disparizona Zhou & Kottelat 2005
 Schistura doonensis (Tilak & Husain 1977)
   syn.Nemacheilus doonensis (Tilak & Husain 1977)
     Noemacheilus doonensis Tilak & Husain 1977
 Schistura dorsizona Kottelat 1998
 Schistura dubia Kottelat 1990
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Schistura ephelis Kottelat 2000
 Schistura fasciata Lokeshwor & Viswanath 2011
 Schistura fascimaculata Mirza & Nalbant ex Mirza, Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981
   syn.Nemacheilus fascimaculatus (Mirza & Nalbant ex Mirza, Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981)
 Schistura fasciolata (Nichols & Pope 1927)
   syn.Barbatula fasciolata (Nichols & Pope 1927)
     Homaloptera fasciolata Nichols & Pope 1927
     Nemacheilus fasciolatus (Nichols & Pope 1927)
     Nemachilus humilis Lin 1932
     Schistura humilis (Lin 1932)
   ※汽水域進入性。
 Schistura finis Kottelat 2000
 Schistura fusinotata Kottelat 2000
 Schistura gangetica (Menon 1987)
   syn.Nemacheilus gangeticus(Menon 1987)
     Noemacheilus gangeticus Menon 1987
 Schistura geisleri Kottelat 1990
   syn.Nemacheilus geisleri (Kottelat 1990)
 Schistura globiceps Kottelat 2000
 Schistura greenei Endruweit 2017
 Schistura hagiangensis (Nguyen 2005)
   syn.Paracobitis hagiangensis Nguyen 2005
 Schistura harnaiensis (Mirza & Nalbant ex Mirza, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1969)
   syn.Nemacheilus harnaiensis (Mirza & Nalbant ex Mirza, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1969)
     Noemacheilus harnaiensis Mirza & Nalbant ex Mirza, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1969
 Schistura himachalensis (Menon 1987)
   syn.Nemacheilus himachalensis (Menon 1987)
     Noemacheilus himachalensis Menon 1987
 Schistura hingi (Herre 1934)
   syn.Homaloptera hingi Herre 1934
 Schistura hoai (Nguyen 2005)
   syn.Oreias hoai Nguyen 2005
 Schistura horai (Menon 1951)
   syn.Nemacheilus horai (Menon 1951)
     Nemachilus horai Menon 1951
 Schistura huapingensis (Wu & Wu 1992)
   syn.Nemacheilus huapingensis (Wu & Wu 1992)
     Nemacheilus obscurus huapingensis Wu & Wu 1992
 Schistura huongensis Freyhof & Serov 2001
 Schistura imitator Kottelat 2000
   ※対象はSchistura khamtanhi
 Schistura implicata Kottelat 2000
 Schistura incerta (Nichols 1931)
   syn.Barbatula incerta Nichols 1931
     ? Barbatula uniformis Mai 1978
     Nemacheilus incertus (Nichols 1931)
   ※汽水域進入性。
 Schistura irregularis Kottelat 2000
 Schistura isostigma Kottelat 1998
 Schistura jarutanini Kottelat 1990
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  D2  ver.2.3
 Schistura kangjupkhulensis (Hora 1921)
   syn.Nemacheilus kangjupkhulensis (Hora 1921)
     Nemachilus kangjupkhulensis Hora 1921
 Schistura kangrae (Menon 1951)
   syn.Nemacheilus kangrae (Menon 1951)
     Nemachilus kangrae Menon 1951
 Schistura kaysonei Vidthayanon & Jaruthanin 2002
   ※洞窟棲、色素なし。眼球退化。
 Schistura kengtungensis (Fowler 1936)
   syn.Nemacheilus kengtungensis Fowler 1936
 Schistura khamtanhi Kottelat 2000
 Schistura khugae Vishwanath & Shanta 2004
   syn.Schistura macrocephala Vishwanath & Shanta 2004 non Kottelat, 2000
 Schistura kloetzliae Kottelat 2000
 Schistura kodaguensis (Menon 1987)
   syn.Nemacheilus kodaguensis (Menon 1987)
     Noemacheilus kodaguensis Menon 1987
 Schistura kohatensis Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza, Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981
   syn.Nemacheilus kohatensis (Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza, Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981)
 Schistura kohchangensis (Smith 1933)
   syn.Nemacheilus kohchangensis Smith 1933
     Noemacheilus deignani Smith 1945
     Schistura deignani (Smith 1945)
 Schistura koladynensis Lokeshwor & Vishwanath 2012
 Schistura kongphengi Kottelat 1998
 Schistura kontumensis Freyhof & Serov 2001
 Schistura latidens Kottelat 2000
 Schistura latifasciata (Zhu & Wang 1985)
   syn.Nemacheilus latifasciatus (Zhu & Wang 1985)
     Noemacheilus latifasciatus Zhu & Wang 1985
 Schistura leukensis Kottelat 2000
 Schistura liyaiensis Lokeshwor & Vishwanath 2015
 Schistura longa (Zhu 1982)
   syn.Nemacheilus longus (Zhu 1982)
     Nemachilus longus Zhu 1982
 Schistura machensis (Mirza & Nalbant ex Mirza, Bănărescu & Nalbant, 1970)
   syn.Noemacheilus horai machensis Mirza & Nalbant ex Mirza, Bănărescu & Nalbant, 1970
 Schistura macrocephala Kottelat 2000 non Vishwanath & Shanta 2004
 Schistura macrolepis Mirza & Bănărescu ex Mirza, Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981
 Schistura macrotaenia (Yang ex Chu & Chen 1990)
   syn.Nemacheilus macrotaenius Yang ex Chu & Chen 1990
 Schistura maculiceps (Roberts 1989)
   syn.Nemacheilus maculiceps Roberts 1989
 Schistura maculosa Lalronunga, Lalnuntluanga & Lalramliana 2013
 Schistura maejotigrina Suvarnaraksha 2012
 Schistura maepaiensis Kottelat 1990
   syn.Nemacheilus maepaiensis (Kottelat 1990)
 Schistura magnifluvis Kottelat 1990
   syn.Nemacheilus magnifluvis (Kottelat 1990)
   ※pH5.8〜7.0・23〜28℃。
 Schistura mahnerti Kottelat 1990 "ゼブラローチ(タイ・レッドテール)"。
   syn.Nemacheilus mahnerti (Kottelat 1990)
 Schistura malaisei Kottelat 1990
 Schistura manipurensis (Chaudhuri 1912)
   syn.Nemacheilus manipurensis (Chaudhuri 1912)
     Nemachilus manipurensis Chaudhuri 1912
 Schistura melarancia Kottelat 2000
   syn.Oreias lineatus Nguyen 2005
     Schistura lineata (Nguyen 2005)
 Schistura menanensis (Smith 1945)
   syn.Nemacheilus menanensis (Smith 1945)
     Noemacheilus menanensis Smith 1945
 Schistura minuta Vishwanath & Shanta Kumar 2006
 Schistura mobbsi Kottelat & Leisher 2012
 Schistura moeiensis Kottelat 1990
   syn.Nemacheilus moeiensis (Kottelat 1990)
 Schistura montana McClelland 1838
   syn.Nemacheilus montanus (McClelland 1838)
     Paraschistura montana (McClelland 1838)
   ※pH6.5〜7.5・18〜22℃。
 Schistura mukambbikaensis (Menon 1987)
   syn.Noemacheilus denisoni mukambbikaensis Menon 1987
 Schistura multifasciata (Day 1878)
   syn.Nemacheilus multifasciatus (Day 1878)
     Nemachilus multifasciatus Day 1878
 Schistura nagaensis (Menon 1987)
   syn.Nemacheilus nagaensis (Menon 1987)
     Noemacheilus nagaensis Menon 1987
 Schistura nagodiensis Sreekantha, Gururaja, Remadevi, Indra & Ramachandra 2006
 Schistura namboensis Freyhof & Serov 2001
 Schistura nandingensis (Zhu & Wang 1985)
   syn.Nemacheilus nandingensis (Zhu & Wang 1985)
     Noemacheilus nandingensis Zhu & Wang 1985
 Schistura nasifilis (Pellégrin 1936)
   syn.Nemachilus spilopterus nasifilis (Pellégrin 1936)
     Nemachilus spilopterus var.nasifilis Pellégrin 1936
 Schistura nebeshwari Lokeshwor & Vishwanath 2013
 Schistura nicholsi (Smith 1933)
   syn.? Nemacheilus laterimaculatus (Kottelat 1990)
     Nemacheilus nicholsi Smith 1933
     Nemacheilus thai Fowler 1934
     ? Schistura laterimaculata Kottelat 1990
     Schistura thai (Fowler 1934)
 Schistura nilgiriensis (Menon 1987)
   syn.Nemacheilus nilgiriensis (Menon 1987)
     Noemacheilus nilgiriensis Menon 1987
 Schistura nomi Kottelat 2000
 Schistura notasilea Endruweit, Yang & Liu 2016
 Schistura notostigma (Bleeker 1863) "スポットバックローチ"。
   syn.Nemacheilus notostigmus Bleeker 1863
   ※pH6.0〜8.0・22〜24℃。
 Schistura novemradiata Kottelat 2000
 Schistura nudidorsa Kottelat 1998
 Schistura obeini Kottelat 1998
 Schistura obliquofascia Lokeshwor, Barat, Sati, Darshan, Vishwanath & Mahanta 2012
 Schistura ocellata McClelland 1839
 Schistura oedipa (Kottelat 1988) "タイ地下ドジョウ"。
   syn.Nemacheilus oedipus Kottelat 1988
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  D2  ver.2.3
 Schistura orthocauda (Mai 1978)
   syn.Barbatula orthocauda Mai 1978
 Schistura pantherina Page, Rungthip Plongsesthee, Beamish, Kangrang, Randall, Singer & Martin 2012
 Schistura papulifera Kottelat, Harries & Proudlove 2007
 Schistura paucicincta Kottelat 1990
   syn.Nemacheilus paucicinctus (Kottelat 1990)
 Schistura paucifasciata (Hora 1929)
   syn.Nemachilus paucifasciatus Hora 1929
 Schistura paucireticulata Lokeshwor, Vishwanath & Kosygin 2013
 Schistura personata Kottelat 2000
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  A2c  ver.3.1
 Schistura pertica Kottelat 2000
 Schistura pervagata Kottelat 2000
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Schistura phamhringi Shangningam, Lokeshwor & Vishwanath 2014
 Schistura phongthoensis (Nguyen 2005)
   syn.Paracobitis phongthoensis Nguyen 2005
 Schistura poculi (Smith 1945)
   syn.Nemacheilus poculi (Smith 1945)
     Noemacheilus poculi Smith 1945
 Schistura polytaenia (Zhu 1982)
   syn.Nemacheilus polytaenius (Zhu 1982)
     Nemachilus polytaenius Zhu 1982
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Schistura porthos Kottelat 2000
 Schistura prashadi (Hora 1921)
   syn.Nemacheilus prashadi (Hora 1921)
     Nemachilus prashadi Hora 1921
 Schistura pridii Vidthayanon 2003
 Schistura procera Kottelat 2000
 Schistura prolixifasciata Zheng, Yang & Chen 2012
 Schistura pseudofasciolata Zhou & Cui 1993
 Schistura psittacula Freyhof & Serov 2001
 Schistura pumatensis Nguyen & Nguyen 2007
 Schistura punctifasciata Kottelat 1998
 Schistura quaesita Kottelat 2000
 Schistura quasimodo Kottelat 2000
 Schistura rajasthanicus (Mathur & Yazdani 1970)
   syn.Noemacheilus rajasthanicus Mathur & Yazdani 1970
 Schistura rara (Zhu & Cao 1987)
   syn.Nemacheilus rarus (Zhu & Cao 1987)
     Noemacheilus rarus Zhu & Cao 1987
 Schistura reidi (Smith 1945)
   syn.Nemacheilus reidi (Smith 1945)
     Noemacheilus reidi Smith 1945
 Schistura reticulata Vishwanath & Nebeshwar 2004
 Schistura reticulofasciata (Singh & Bănărescu in Singh, Sen, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1982)
   syn.Mesonoemacheilus reticulofasciatus Singh & Bănărescu in Singh, Sen, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1982
     Nemacheilus reticulofasciatus (Singh & Bănărescu in Singh, Sen, Bănărescu & Nalbant 1982)
 Schistura rikiki Kottelat 2000
 Schistura robertsi Kottelat 1990
   syn.Nemacheilus robertsi (Kottelat 1990)
 Schistura rosammai (Sen 2009)
   syn.Aborichthys rosammai Sen 2009
 Schistura rupecula McClelland 1838
   syn.Cobitis rupecula McClelland 1838
     Nemacheilus inglisi (Hora 1935)
     Nemacheilus rupeculus (McClelland 1838)
     Nemachilus rupecolus inglisi (Hora 1935)
     Nemachilus rupecula var.inglisi Hora 1935
     Schistura inglisi (Hora 1935)
     Schistura rupicola McClelland 1839 "miss spelling"。
 Schistura russa Kottelat 2000
 Schistura savona (Hamilton 1822)
   syn.Acoura obscura Swaison 1839
     Acourus obscurus (Swaison 1839) ※スペルミス。
     Cobitis obscura (Swaison 1839)
     Cobitis savona Hamilton 1822
     Nemacheilus savonus (Hamilton 1822)
   ※23〜26℃。
 Schistura scaturigina McClelland 1839
   syn.Cobitis scaturigina (McClelland 1839)
     Nemacheilus scaturiginus (McClelland 1839)
     Nemacheilus subfuscus (McClelland 1839)
     Schistura subfusca McClelland 1839
     ? Shistura yenjitee Tekriwal & Rao 1999 nom.nud.
 Schistura schultzi (Smith 1945)
   syn.Nemacheilus schultzi (Smith 1945)
     Noemacheilus schultzi Smith 1945
 Schistura scyphovecteta Lokeshwor & Vishwanath 2013
 Schistura semiarmata (Day 1867)
   syn.Nemacheilus semiarmatus Day 1867
 Schistura sertata Kottelat 2000
 Schistura sexcauda (Fowler 1937)
   syn.Nemacheilus fowlerianus Smith 1945
     Nemacheilus sexcaudus Fowler 1937
     Schistura fowleriana (Smith 1945)
 Schistura sexnubes Endruweit 2014
 Schistura shadiwalensis Mirza & Nalbant in Mirza, Nalbant & Bănărescu 1981
 Schistura sharavathiensis Sreekantha, Gururaja, Remadevi, Indra & Ramachandra 2006
 Schistura shebbearei (Hora 1935)
   syn.Nemacheilus shebbearei Hora 1935
 Schistura shuangjiangensis (Zhu & Wang 1985)
   syn.Nemacheilus shuangjiangensis (Zhu & Wang 1985)
     Noemacheilus shuangjiangensis Zhu & Wang 1985
 Schistura sigillata Kottelat 2000
 Schistura sijuensis (Menon 1987)
   syn.Mesonoemacheilus sijuensis (Menon 1987)
     Nemacheilus sijuensis (Menon 1987)
     Noemacheilus sijuensis Menon 1987
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  D2  ver.2.3
 Schistura sikmaiensis (Hora 1921)
   syn.Nemacheilus putaoensis Rendahl 1948
     Nemacheilus sikmaiensis (Hora 1921)
     Nemachilus sikmaiensis Hora 1921
 Schistura similis Kottelat 1990
   syn.Noemacheilus similis (Kottelat 1990)
 Schistura singhi (Menon 1987)
   syn.Nemacheilus singhi (Menon 1987)
     Noemacheilus singhi Menon 1987
 Schistura sirindhornae Suvarnaraksha 2015
 Schistura sokolovi Freyhof & Serov 2001
 Schistura sombooni Kottelat 1998
 Schistura sonlaensis (Nguyen, Nguyen & Hoang 2010)
   syn.Oreias sonlaensis Nguyen, Nguyen & Hoang 2010
 Schistura spekuli Kottelat 2004
 Schistura spiesi Vidthayanon & Kottelat 2003
   ※地下棲、色彩無し。眼球退化。IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Schistura spiloptera (Valenciennes ex Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846)
   syn.Cobitis spiloptera Valenciennes ex Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846
     Nemacheilus pellegrini Rendahl 1944
     Nemacheilus spiloterus (Valenciennes ex Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846)
 Schistura spilota (Fowler 1934) ※15〜24℃。
   syn.Nemacheilus spilotus Fowler 1934
 Schistura suber Kottelat 2000
 Schistura susannae Freyhof & Serov 2001
 Schistura tenebrosa Kangrang, Page & Beamish 2012
 Schistura tenura Kottelat 2000
 Schistura thanho Freyhof & Serov 2001
 Schistura tigrina Vishwanath & Nebeshwar-Sharma 2005
 Schistura tirapensis Kottelat 1990
   syn.? Nemacheilus arunachalensis Menon 1987
     ? Nemacheilus dattai Menon 1999
 Schistura tizardi Kottelat 2000
 Schistura tubulinaris Kottelat 1998
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  A3ce  ver.3.1
 Schistura trilineata (Nguyen, Nguyen & Hoang 2010)
   syn.Oreias trilineatus Nguyen, Nguyen & Hoang 2010
 Schistura udomritthiruji Bohlen & Šlechtová 2010
 Schistura vinciguerrae (Hora 1935) "ゼブラローチ(レッドテール)"。
   syn.Nemacheilus vinciguerrae (Hora 1935)
     Nemachilus vinciguerrae Hora 1935
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Schistura waltoni (Fowler 1937)
   syn.Nemacheilus obscurus (Smith 1945)
     Nemacheilus waltoni Fowler 1937
     Noemacheilus obscurus Smith 1945
 Schistura xhatensis Kottelat 2000
 Schistura yersini Freyhof & Serov 2001
 Schistura yingjiangensis (Zhu 1982)
   syn.Nemacheilus yingjiangensis (Zhu 1982)
     Nemachilus yingjiangensis Zhu 1982
 Schistura zonata McClelland 1839
   syn.Nemacheilus mugah Day 1869
Genus Sectoria KOTTELAT 1990 セクトリア属
 Sectoria atriceps (Smith 1945)
   syn.Nemacheilus atriceps (Smith 1945)
     Noemacheilus atriceps Smith 1945
     Schistura atriceps (Smith 1945)
 Sectoria heterognathos (Chen 1999)
   syn.Schistura heterognathos Chen 1999
     Sectoria megastoma Kottelat 2000
Genus Seminemacheilus BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT 1995 セミネマケイルス属
 Seminemacheilus ispartensis Erk'akan, Nalbant & Özeren 2007
 Seminemacheilus lendlii (Hankó 1924) "アナトリアローチ"。
   syn.Heminoemacheilus lendlii (Hankó 1924)
     Nemacheilus lendlii (Hankó 1924)
     Nemachilus lendlii Hankó 1924
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.2.3
Genus Speonectes KOTTELAT 2012 スペオネクテス属
 Speonectes tiomanensis (Kottelat 1990)
   syn.Sundoreonectes tiomanensis Kottelat 1990
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  D2  ver.2.3
Genus Sphaerophysa CAO & ZHU 1988 スファエロフィサ属
 Sphaerophysa dianchiensis Cao & Zhu 1988
   ※IUCN Critically Endangered  C2a(ii)  ver.3.1
Genus Sundoreonectes KOTTELAT 1990 スンドレオネクテス属
   ※=Genus Oreonectes GÜNTHER 1868 Sub-Genus Sundoreonectes (KOTTELAT 1990)。
 Sundoreonectes obesus (Vaillant 1902)
   syn.Nemacheilus obesus (Vaillant 1902)
     Noemacheilus obesus Vaillant 1902
 Sundoreonectes sabanus (Chin 1990)
   syn.Elxis sabana Chin 1990
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  B1ab(iii)  ver.3.1
Genus Tarimichthys (PROKOFIEV 2010) タリミクティス属
   ※=Genus Triplophysa (RENDAHL 1933) Sub-Genus Tarimichthys PROKOFIEV 2010。
 Tarimichthys bombifrons (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.Nemacheilus bombifrons (Herzenstein 1888)
     Nemachilus bombifrons Herzenstein 1888
     Triplophysa bombifrons (Herzenstein 1888)
 Tarimichthys edsinicus (Prokofiev 2003)
   syn.Triplophysa edsinica Prokofiev 2003
 Tarimichthys incipiens (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.Nemachilus bombifrons incipiens Herzenstein 1888
     Triplophysa incipiens (Herzenstein 1888)
Genus Traccatichthys FREYHOF & SEROV 2001 トラッカティクティス属
 Traccatichthys pulcher (Nichols & Pope ex Nichols 1925)
   syn.Nemacheilus pulcher Nichols & Pope ex Nichols 1925
     Micronemacheilus pulcher (Nichols & Pope ex Nichols 1925)
   ※汽水域進入性。pH6.5〜7.5・22〜25℃。
 Traccatichthys taeniatus (Pellégrin & Chevey 1936)
   syn.? Micronemacheilus bacmeensis Nguyen & Vo ex Nguyen 2005
     Micronemacheilus taeniatus (Pellégrin & Chevey 1936)
     ? Micronemacheilus zispi Prokofiev 2004
     Nemacheilus pulcher taeniatus (Pellégrin & Chevey 1936)
     Nemacheilus pulcher var.taeniatus Pellégrin & Chevey 1936
     Nemacheilus taeniatus (Pellégrin & Chevey 1936)
 Traccatichthys tuberculus Du, Zhang & Chan 2012
Genus Triplophysa (RENDAHL 1933) トリプロフィサ属
   ※+Genus Deuterophysa (RENDAHL 1933) (Type species : Diplophysa strauchii Kessler 1874)。
   ※≠Genus Deuterophysa WARREN 1889 [Crambidae, Lepidoptera, Insecta]。
   ※+Genus Didymophysa WHITLEY 1950 (Type species : Diplophysa strauchii Kessler 1874)。
   ※≠Genus Diplophysa GEGENBAUR 1850 [Eudoxidae, Hydrozoa, Cnidaria]。
   ※+Genus Diplophysa KESSLER 1874 (Type species : Diplophysa strauchii Kessler 1874)。
   ※+Genus Diplophysoides FOWLER 1958 (Type species : Diplophysa strauchii Kessler 1874)。
   ※+Genus Linemacheilus WU, HE & LI 2005 (Type species : Linemacheilus wulong Wu, He & Li 2005 nom.nud.)。
   ※+Genus Nemacheilus (VAN HASSELT 1823 Emend.) BLEEKER 1863 Sub-Genus Deuterophysa RENDAHL 1933 (Type species : Diplophysa strauchii Kessler 1874)。
   ※=Genus Nemacheilus (VAN HASSELT 1823 Emend.) BLEEKER 1863 Sub-Genus Triplophysa RENDAHL 1933。
   ※+Genus Nemacheilus (VAN HASSELT 1823 Emend.) BLEEKER 1863 Sub-Genus Tauphysa RENDAHL 1933 (Type species : Diplophysa kungessana Kessler 1879)。
   ※+Genus Tauphysa (RENDAHL 1933) (Type species : Diplophysa kungessana Kessler 1879)。
   ※← [Triplophysini PROKOFIEV 2010]。
 Triplophysa akhtari (Vijayalakshmanan 1950)
   syn.Nemacheilus akhtari (Vijayalakshmanan 1950)
     Nemachilus akhtari Vijayalakshmanan 1950
 Triplophysa alexandrae Prokofiev 2001
 Triplophysa aliensis Zhu & Wu ex Wu & Zhu 1979
   syn.Nemacheilus aliensis (Zhu & Wu ex Wu & Zhu 1979)
 Triplophysa altipinnis Prokofiev 2003
 Triplophysa aluensis Li & Zhu 2000
 Triplophysa angeli (Fang 1941)
   syn.Nemacheilus angeli Fang 1941
 Triplophysa anterodorsalis & Cao ex Zhu 1989
 Triplophysa aquaecaeruleae Prokofiev 2001
 Triplophysa arnoldii Prokofiev 2006
 Triplophysa bashanensis Xu & Wang 2009
   syn.? Triplophysa longchiensis Xu & Wang 2009
 Triplophysa bellibara (Tchang, Yueh & Hwang 1963)
   syn.Nemachilus bellibarus Tchang, Yueh & Hwang 1963
 Triplophysa bleekeri (le Sauvage & de Thiersant 1874)
   syn.Barbatula bleekeri (le Sauvage & de Thiersant 1874)
     Nemachilus bleekeri le Sauvage & de Thiersant 1874
 Triplophysa brachyptera (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.? Nemachilus minxianensis Wang & Zhu 1979
     Nemachilus robustus brachypterus Herzenstein 1888
     ? Triplophysa minxianensis (Wang & Zhu 1979)
 Triplophysa brahui (Zugmayer 1912)
   syn.Nemacheilus brahui Zugmayer 1912
 Triplophysa brevibarba Ding 1993
   syn.Triplophysa dingi Prokofiev 2010
 Triplophysa brevicauda (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.Nemachilus stoliczkae brevicaudus Herzenstein 1888
 Triplophysa cakaensis Cao & Zhu 1988
 Triplophysa chondrostoma (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.Hedinichthys chondrostomus (Herzenstein 1888)
     Nemachilus chondrostomus Herzenstein 1888
 Triplophysa coniptera (Turdakov 1954)
   syn.Nemachilus conipterus Turdakov 1954
     Nemachilus conipterus salari Turdakov 1954
 Triplophysa crassilabris Ding 1994
 Triplophysa cuneicephala (Shaw & Tchang 1931)
   syn.Barbatula cuneicephala Shaw & Tchang 1931
 Triplophysa dalaica (Shaw & Tchang 1931)
   syn.Barbatula toni posteroventralis Nichols 1925
     Diplophysa dalaica Shaw & Tchang 1931
     Nemachilus djaggasteensis Rendahl 1922
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Triplophysa daqiaoensis Ding 1993
 Triplophysa dorsalis (Kessler 1872) "グレイローチ"。
   syn.Cobitis dorsalis Kessler 1872
     Deuterophysa dorsalis valerii (Mitrofanov 2002)
     Nemacheilus dorsalis (Kessler 1872)
     Nemacheilus dorsalis valerii Mitrofanov 2002
     Nemacheilus dorsalis humilis Gundriser 1962 ※→Triplophysa gundriseri Prokofiev 2002。
   ※pH7.0・18〜22℃。
 Triplophysa dorsonotata (Kessler 1879)
   syn.Nemacheilus dorsonotatus (Kessler 1879)
     ? Nemachilus cuëljuensis Anikin 1905
     Nemachilus dorsonotatus Kessler 1879
 Triplophysa drassensis (Tilak 1990)
   syn.Nemacheilus drassensis (Tilak 1990)
     Noemacheilus drassensis Tilak 1990
 Triplophysa elegans (Kessler 1874)
   syn.Cobitis elegans Kessler 1874
 Triplophysa farwelli (Hora 1935)
   syn.Nemachilus farwelli Hora 1935
 Triplophysa flavicorpa Yang, Chen & Lan 2004
 Triplophysa furva Zhu 1992
 Triplophysa fuxianensis Yang & Chu 1990
 Triplophysa gejiuensis (Chu & Chen 1979)
   syn.Nemacheilus gejiuensis (Chu & Chen 1979)
     Noemacheilus gejiuensis Chu & Chen 1979
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  D2  ver.2.3
 Triplophysa gerzeensis Cao & Zhu 1988
 Triplophysa gracilis (Day 1877)
   syn.Nemachilus de Terrai Hora 1936
     Nemacheilus deterrai (Hora 1936)
     Nemacheilus gracilis Day 1877
     ? Triplophysa trewavasae Mirza & Ahmad 1990
 Triplophysa grahami (Regan 1906)
   syn.Barbatula grahami (Regan 1906)
     Nemacheilus grahami (Regan 1906)
     Nemachilus grahami Regan 1906
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Triplophysa griffithi (Günther 1868)
   syn.Nemacheilus griffithi (Günther 1868)
     Nemacheilus griffithi hazaraensis Omer & Mirza 1975
     Nemacheilus griffithi naziri (Ahmad & Mirza 1963)
     Nemacheilus naziri (Ahmad & Mirza 1963)
     Nemachilus griffithii Günther 1868
     Noemacheilus naziri Ahmad & Mirza 1963
     Triplophysa hazaraensis (Omer & Mirza 1975)
     Triplophysa naziri (Ahmad & Mirza 1963)
 Triplophysa gundriseri Prokofiev 2002
   syn.Triplophysa chandagaitensis (Prokofiev 2002)
     Triplophysa gundriseri chandagaitensis Prokofiev 2002
 Triplophysa hexiensis (Zhao & Wang 1988)
   syn.Nemachilus dorsonotatus hexiensis Zhao & Wang 1988
     ? Triplophysa rossoperegrinatora Prokofiev 2001
 Triplophysa heyangensis Zhu 1992
 Triplophysa hialmari Prokofiev 2001
 Triplophysa hsutschouensis (Rendahl 1933)
   syn.Nemacheilus hsutschouensis Rendahl 1933
 Triplophysa huanglongensis Gao ex Anonym 1992
 Triplophysa huanjiangensis Yang, Wu & Lan 2011
 Triplophysa huapingensis Zheng, Yang & Chen 2012
 Triplophysa hutjertjuensis (Rendahl 1933)
   syn.Nemacheilus hutjertjuensis Rendahl 1933
 Triplophysa intermedia (Kessler 1876)
   syn.Diplophysa intermedia Kessler 1876
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Triplophysa jianchuanensis Zheng, Du, Chen & Yang 2010
   ※pH7.9。
 Triplophysa jiarongensis Lin, Li & Song 2012
 Triplophysa kafirnigani (Turdakov 1947)
   syn.Nemachilus dorsalis kafirnigani Turdakov 1947
 Triplophysa kullmanni Bănărescu & Nalbant ex Ladiges 1975
   syn.Nemacheilus kullmanni (Bănărescu & Nalbant ex Ladiges 1975)
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Triplophysa kungessana (Kessler 1879)
   syn.Barbatula kungessana (Kessler 1879)
     Diplophysa kungessana Kessler 1879
     Nemacheilus kungessanus (Kessler 1879)
     Tauphysa kungessana (Kessler 1879)
 Triplophysa lacustris Yang & Chu 1990
 Triplophysa lacusnigri (Berg 1931)
   syn.Nemacheilus stoliczkai lacusnigri (Berg 1931)
     Nemachilus stoliczkai var.lacus-nigri Berg 1931
 Triplophysa laterimaculata Li, Liu & Yang 2007
 Triplophysa laticeps Zhou & Cui 1997
 Triplophysa lihuensis Wu, Yang & Lan 2012
 Triplophysa lingyunensis (Liao & Luo ex Liao, Wang & Luo 1997)
   syn.Schistura lingyunensis Liao & Luo ex Liao, Wang & Luo 1997
 Triplophysa lixianensis He, Song & Zhang 2008
 Triplophysa longianguis Wu & Wu 1984
 Triplophysa longibarbata (Chen, Yang, Sket & Aljancic 1998)
   syn.Nemacheilus liboensis Chen 2000 non Ran 2000 nom.nud.
     Nemacheilus liboensis Ran 2000 non Chen 2000 nom.nud.
     Paracobitis longibarbata Chen, Yang, Sket & Aljancic 1998
     ? Paracobitis maolanensis Li, Ran & Chen 2006
     Paracobitis posterodorsala Li, Ran & Chen ex Ran, Li & Chen 2006
 Triplophysa longliensis Ren, Yang & Chen 2012
 Triplophysa longipectoralis Zheng, Du, Chen & Yang 2009
 Triplophysa macrocephala Yang, Wu & Yang 2012
 Triplophysa macromaculata Yang ex Chu & Chen 1990
 Triplophysa macrophthalma Zhu & Guo 1985
 Triplophysa malloryi Bănărescu & Nalbant 1995 nom.nud.
 Triplophysa markehenensis (Zhu & Wu 1981)
   syn.Nemachilus pseudoscleropterus markehenensis Zhu & Wu 1981
 Triplophysa marmorata (Heckel 1838)
   syn.Cobitis marmorata Heckel 1838
     Cobitis vittata Heckel 1838
     ? Nemacheilus griffithii afghanus (Hora 1935)
     ? Nemacheilus griffithii var.afghanus Hora 1935
     Nemacheilus marmoratus (Heckel 1838)
     Nemacheilus vittatus (Heckel 1838)
 Triplophysa microphysa (Fang 1935)
   syn.Nemacheilus microphysus Fang 1935
 Triplophysa microphthalma (Liao & Wang ex Liao, Wang & Luo 1997)
   syn.Schistura dabryi microphthalma Liao & Wang ex Liao, Wang & Luo 1997
 Triplophysa microps (Steindachner 1866)
   syn.Cobitis microps Steindachner 1866
     Nemacheilus microps (Steindachner 1866)
 Triplophysa moquensis Ding 1994
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Triplophysa nandanensis Lan, Yang & Chen 1995
 Triplophysa nanpanjiangensis (Zhu & Cao 1988)
   syn.Oreias dabryi nanpanjiangensis Zhu & Cao 1988
     Schistura dabryi nanpanjiangensis (Zhu & Cao 1988)
 Triplophysa nasobarbatula Wang & Li 2001
 Triplophysa ninglangensis Wu & Wu 1988
 Triplophysa nujiangensa Chen, Cui & Yang 2004
 Triplophysa obscura Wang ex Chen, Xu, Fang, Song & Wang 1987
 Triplophysa obtusirostra Wu & Wu 1988
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Triplophysa orientalis (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.Nemachilus kungessanus elongatus Herzenstein 1888
     Nemachilus kungessanus orientalis Herzenstein 1888
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Triplophysa papillosolabiata (Kessler 1879)
   syn.Diplophysa papilloso-labiata Kessler 1879
 Triplophysa pappenheimi (Fang 1935)
   syn.Barbatula pappenheimi (Fang 1935)
     Nemacheilus pappenheimi Fang 1935
 Triplophysa paradoxa (Turdakov 1955)
   syn.Nemacheilus paradoxus Turdakov 1955
 Triplophysa parva Chen, Li & Yang 2009
 Triplophysa pedaschenkoi (Berg 1931)
   syn.Diplophysa strauchi ulacholica var.pedaschenkoi Berg 1931
 Triplophysa polyfasciata Ding ex Ding, Fang & Fang 1996
 Triplophysa pseudoscleroptera (Zhu & Wu 1981)
   syn.Nemachilus pseudoscleropterus Zhu & Wu 1981
 Triplophysa pseudostenura He, Zhang & Song 2012
 Triplophysa qilianensis Li, Chen & Hu 2015
 Triplophysa qiubeiensis Li & Yang ex Li, Yang, Chen, Tao, Qi & Han 2008
 Triplophysa retropinnis (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.? Nemacheilus bertini Fang 1941
     Nemachilus carassus Nikolski ex Prokofiev 2007
     Nemachilus dorsonotatus plagiognathus Herzenstein 1888
     Nemachilus dorsonotatus retropinnis Herzenstein 1888
 Triplophysa robusta (Kessler 1876)
   syn.Barbatula robusta (Kessler 1876)
     Nemacheilus robustus (Kessler 1876)
     Nemachilus robustus Kessler 1876
 Triplophysa rosa Chen & Yang 2005
   syn.Heminoemacheilus wulongensis Wu, He, Zhen & Li 2007 nom.nud.
     Linemacheilus wulong Wu, He & Li 2005 nom.nud.
   ※13℃。
 Triplophysa scapanognatha Prokofiev 2007
 Triplophysa scleroptera (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.Nemachilus scleropterus Herzenstein 1888
 Triplophysa sellaefer (Nichols 1925)
   syn.Barbatula yarkandensis sellaefer Nichols 1925
 Triplophysa sewerzowi (Nikolski 1938) "セベルツォーフローチ"。
   syn.Nemacheilus sewerzowi (Nikolski 1938)
     Nemachilus sewerzowi Nikolski 1938
 Triplophysa shaanxiensis Chen ex Chen, Xu, Fang, Song & Wang 1987
 Triplophysa shehensis Menon 1987
   syn.Nemacheilus shehensis (Tilak 1990)
     Noemacheilus shehensis Tilak 1990
 Triplophysa shilinensis Chen & Yang ex Chen, Yang & Xu 1992
 Triplophysa shiyangensis (Zhao & Wang 1983)
   syn.Nemachilus shiyangensis Zhao & Wang 1983
 Triplophysa siluroides (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.Nemachilus siluroides Herzenstein 1888
 Triplophysa stenura (Herzenstein 1888)
   syn.Nemacheilus stenurus (Herzenstein 1888)
     ? Nemachilus lhasae Regan 1905
     Nemachilus stenurus Herzenstein 1888
 Triplophysa stewarti (Hora 1922)
   syn.Diplophysa stewarti Hora 1922
     Nemacheilus longianalis (Ren & Wu 1982)
     Nemacheilus panguri (Hora 1936)
     Nemachilus longianalis Ren & Wu 1982
     Nemachilus longianalis tangtianhensis Wu & Wu 1988
     Nemachilus panguri Hora 1936
     Triplophysa longianalis
 Triplophysa stolickai (Steindachner 1866) "チベタンストーンローチ"。
   syn.Cobitis stoličkai Steindachner 1866
     Nemacheilus stoliczkai "miss spelling of stolickai"。
   ※16〜20℃。
 Triplophysa strauchii (Kessler 1874) "スポッテドシックリップローチ"。
Triplophysa strauchii strauchii      syn.Deuterophysa strauchii (Kessler 1874)
       ? Deuterophysa strauchi jimbeyi Mitrofanov 2002
       Diplophysa strauchii Kessler 1874
       Diplophysoides strauchii (Kessler 1874)
       ? Nemacheilus strauchi jimbeyi Mitrofanov 2002
       ? Nemachilus ruzskyi Nekrashevich 1948
       ? Nemachilus strauchi transiens Herzenstein 1888
       ? Nemachilus strauchi zaisanicus Menshikov 1937
       Nemachilus strauchi (Kessler 1874)
 Triplophysa tanggulaensis (Zhu 1982)
   syn.Nemachilus tanggulaensis Zhu 1982
 Triplophysa tianeensis Chen, Cui & Yang 2004
 Triplophysa tibetana (Regan 1905)
   syn.Nemachilus tibetanus Regan 1905
 Triplophysa turpanensis Wu & Wu 1992
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Triplophysa ulacholica (Anikin 1905) "イシククルネイキッドローチ"。
   syn.Nemacheilus strauchi dorsaloides Turdakov 1947
     Nemachilus strauchi reuniens Turdakov 1952
     Nemachilus ulacholicus Anikin 1905
     Triplophysa strauchii ulacholica (Anikin 1905)
 Triplophysa uranoscopa (Kessler 1872)
   syn.Cobitis uranoscopa Kessler 1872
     Nemacheilus fedtschenkoae (Nikolski 1903)
     Nemachilus fedtschenkoae Nikolski 1903
 Triplophysa venusta Zhu & Cao 1988
 Triplophysa waisihani Cao & Zhang 2008
 Triplophysa wuweiensis (Li & Chang 1974)
   syn.Nemacheilus wuweiensis (Li & Chang 1974)
     Nemachilus wuweiensis Li & Chang 1974
 Triplophysa xiangshuingensis Li 2004
 Triplophysa xiangxiensis (Yang, Yuan & Liao 1986)
   syn.Nemacheilus xiangxiensis (Yang, Yuan & Liao 1986)
     Noemacheilus xiangxiensis Yang, Yuan & Liao 1986
     Schistura xiangxiensis (Yang, Yuan & Liao 1986)
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  D2  ver.2.3
 Triplophysa xichangensis Zhu & Cao ex Zhu 1989
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Triplophysa xingshanensis (Yang & Xie 1983)
   syn.Nemachilus xingshanensis Yang & Xie 1983
 Triplophysa xiqiensis Ding & Lai 1996
 Triplophysa yaopeizhii Xu, Zhang & Cai ex Zhang, Cai & Xu 1995
 Triplophysa yunnanensis Yang 1990
 Triplophysa zaidamensis
   syn.Nemachilus zaidamensis
 Triplophysa zhaoi Prokofiev 2006
 Triplophysa zhenfengensis Wang & Li 2001
Genus Troglocobitis (PARIN 1983) トログロコビティス属
   ※=Genus Nemacheilus (VAN HASSELT 1823 Emend.) BLEEKER 1863 Sub-Genus Troglocobitis PARIN 1983。
 Troglocobitis starostini (Parin 1983) "メクラドジョウB(ゴールデン)"。
   syn.Nemacheilus starostini (Parin 1983)
     Noemacheilus starostini Parin 1983
   ※IUCN Vulnerable  D2  ver.2.3
Genus Tuberoschistura KOTTELAT 1990 ツベロスキストゥラ属
 Tuberoschistura baenzigeri (Kottelat 1983)
   syn.Nemacheilus baenzigeri Kottelat 1983
 Tuberoschistura cambodgiensis Kottelat 1990
Genus Turcinoemacheilus BĂNĂRESCU & NALBANT 1964 トゥルキノエマケイルス属
 Turcinoemacheilus himalayus Conway, Edds, Shrestha & Mayden 2011
 Turcinoemacheilus kosswigi Bănărescu & Nalbant 1964
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.2.3
Genus Yunnanilus (NICHOLS 1925) ユンナニルス属
   ※=Genus Nemacheilus (VAN HASSELT 1823 Emend.) BLEEKER 1863 Sub-Genus Yunnanilus NICHOLS 1925。
   ※← [Yunnanilini PROKOFIEV 2010]。
 Yunnanilus altus Kottelat & Chu 1988
 Yunnanilus analis Yang ex Chu & Chen 1990
 Yunnanilus bajiangensis Li 2004
 Yunnanilus beipanjiangensis Li, Mao & Sun ex Li, Mao, Sun & Lu 1994
 Yunnanilus caohaiensis Ding 1992
 Yunnanilus chui Yang 1991
 Yunnanilus discoloris Zhou & He 1989
   ※IUCN Critically Endangered  B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)  ver.3.1
 Yunnanilus elakatis (Cao & Zhu ex Zheng 1989)
   syn.Yunnanilus pleurotaenius elakatis Cao & Zhu ex Zheng 1989
 Yunnanilus ganheensis An, Liu & Li 2009
 Yunnanilus jinxiensis Zhu, Du & Chen ex Zhu, Du, Chen & Yang 2009
 Yunnanilus longibarbatus Gan, Chen & Yang 2007
 Yunnanilus longibullus Yang ex Chu & Chen 1990
 Yunnanilus macrogaster Kottelat & Chu 1988
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Yunnanilus macrositanus Li ex Li, Wu, Xu, Gao, Chen, Wu & Wang 1999
   syn.? Yunnanilus forkicaudalis Li ex Li, Wu, Xu, Gao, Chen, Wu & Wang 1999
     Yunnanilus macroistainus Li & Duan 1999 nom.nud.
 Yunnanilus nanpanjiangensis Li, Mao & Lu ex Li, Mao, Sun & Lu 1994
 Yunnanilus niger Kottelat & Chu 1988
   ※16℃。IUCN Vulnerable  D2  ver.2.3
 Yunnanilus niulanensis Chen, Yang & Yang 2012
 Yunnanilus obtusirostris Yang ex Yang & Chen 1995
 Yunnanilus pachycephalus Kottelat & Chu 1988
   ※IUCN Least Concern ver.3.1
 Yunnanilus paludosus Kottelat & Chu 1988
   syn.Yunnanilus macrolepis Li, Tao & Mao ex Li, Tao, Mao & Lu 2000
 Yunnanilus parvus Kottelat & Chu 1988
   ※IUCN Data Deficient ver.3.1
 Yunnanilus pleurotaenius (Regan 1904)
   syn.Nemacheilus pleurotaenius Regan 1904
     Yunnanilus tigeriveinus Li & Duan 1999
     Yunnanilus tigerivinus "miss typing of tigeriveinus"。
 Yunnanilus pulcherrimus Yang, Chen & Lan 2004
   syn.Yunnanilus zebrinus Lan & Zhang ex Zhou & Zhang 2006
 Yunnanilus sichuanensis Ding 1995
 Yunnanilus spanisbripes An, Liu & Li 2009


水槽サイズ(最終)
30〜45cm 60cm 90cm 120cm 180cm 水族館クラス
適性水温(〜上限)
18〜25℃
適性pH
6.5〜8.0
混泳
混泳同種・同型=×〜○ 混泳異種・異型=×〜△
inserted by FC2 system